Class 6 Exam  >  Class 6 Notes  >  GK Olympiad for Class 6  >  Historical Monuments

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Famous monuments


  1. Agra Fort: This famous red fort is situated on the banks of river Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh. The semicircular fort is 4km in diameter and was built in 1565 by the Mughal Emperor Akbar.
  2. Ajanta and Ellora Caves: The Ajanta Caves and the well carved sculptures of Elora are examples of one of the finest ancient art. The Ajanta caves are about 29 rocks cut Buddhist Ancient Cave monuments and Elora is one of the largest rock cut monastery temple caves featuring about 100 caves. The caves present artwork and sculptures which is a confluence of Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism.
  3. Akbar’s Tomb: Located near Agra in Sikandra, Akbar’s tomb is surrounded by high walls at the center of a magnificent garden.
  4. Basilica of Bom Jesus: Goa is a major center for churches and chapels and is often called Rome of the East. The Basilica of Bom Jesus at Old Goa was built by the Jesuits in 1605.
  5. Charminar: It i s situated in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, the Charminar was built by Mohammad Quli Shahi,the sultan of Golconda, in 1591.
  6. Fathepur Sikri: Fatehpur Sikri is a magnificent city in Uttar Pradesh. It was found in 1569 by the Mughal emperor Akbar.
  7. Gateway Of India: This great landmark, at Mumabi Port in Maharastra, is an archway built to honour Great Britain’s King George V and Queen Mary upon their visit to India in 1911.
  8. Golgumbaz: The Golgumbaz, at Bijapur, Karnataka, is the mausoleum of Mohamed Adil Shah, King of Bijapur.
  9. Golconda Fort: Golconda Fort was the capital city of Qutb Shahi dynasty, 8 km west of Hyderabad, Andra Pradesh.
  10. Golden Temple: The Golden Temple, or Hari Mandir, is located in Amritsar, the largest city in Punjab. The temple was built on an island in Amrit Sarovar.
  11. Gometeswara: The famous Jain pilgrimage center is located at the top of Vindhyagiri hills in Sravanabelagola, Karnataka, 3,000 feet above sea level.
  12. Gwalior Fort: In the fifteenth century, Raja Mansingh built the Gwalior Fort at Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. It was constructed out of sandstone on a basalt hill.
  13. Hawa Mahal: The Hawa Mahal is at Jaipur, the capital of Rajastan. Hawa Mahal means “the palace of the wind.” It was built by King Sawai Prathap Singh in 1799.
  14. Tughlaqabad Fort: It is located in Delhi, this fort lies in ruins across six kilometers. It was built by Ghias-ud-din-Tughlaq dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate of India in 1321. Established as fifth historic city, the fort was later abandoned in 1327.
  15. Purana Quila: Is the oldest fort in Delhi. It was believed to have been built under Humayun and Afghan Sher Shah Suri.
  16. Jama Masjid: It is in Delhi and  is India’s largest Mosque. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
  17. Humayun’s Tomb: It is in Delhi is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun.
  18. Red Fort: It was the residence of the Mughal emperor of India for nearly 200 years. It is located in the center of Delhi and houses a number of museums.
  19. Hampi: It is a UNESCO World Heritage site and was one of the largest and richest cities in the world during its prime. Around 1500 AD Hampi had about 500,000 inhabitants, making it the second largest city in the world after Peking-Beijing.
  20. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: It is a UNESCO World Heritage site and historic railway station in Mumbai Maharashtra, India that serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways.
  21. Konark Sun Temple: It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site believed to have been built by king Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty around AD 1250.
  22. The Taj Mahal: It is believed to come alive as a result of Shah Jahan’s vision in 1653. Taj Mahal is a confluence of Persian and Mughal architecture; it is a grand marble structure standing tall on a square plinth and possesses a perfect geometrical symmetry. The most picturesque feature is the white marble dome that surmounts the tomb and four symmetrical minarets frame the tomb.
  23. Qutub Minar: It is one of the finest monuments of India constructed in 1193 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak. There are five distinct floor from which the lower three floors is built with red sandstone while the upper two are built with sand stone and marble. The towering minaret displays Indo-Muslim architecture with inscriptions from Quran.
  24. The Mysore palace: It is a three storey stone structure built with granite, grey in colour, having deep pink marble stones on top. It is crafted with Indo-Saracenic architecture facing the Chamundi Hills , eastwards by the Wodeyars dynasty.
  25. The Victoria Memorial: It is a large marble building built during British regime dedicated to Queen Victoria in Calcutta. The memorial is designed with Indo-Saracenic  architecture. The top of the Victoria Memorial is marked with a sixteen-foot tall bronze statue of victory which is mounted on ball bearings.
  26. Khajuraho: It is famous for its ancient temples that depict some of the finest art in the world. The temples consist of  fine sculptures and exceptional architectural skill, making them one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.
  27. Mahabalipuram: A  historic site in Tamil Nadu. Built in the 7th century by the dynasty of Pallavas, the Shore Temple is one of the most popular monuments of Mahabalipuram. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the temple exhibits a strong Dravidian influence in its architecture infused with some Buddhist elements.
  28. Cellular Jail: It is a historic jail that was used to arrest political prisoners during the British rule in India.
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