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Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Worksheet History Chapter 2

Q.1. Who put forward the April Theses?

Q.2. Who was Robert Owen?

Q.3. Name the Secret Police of Russia.

Q.4. Who was the father of communism?

Q.5. Name two famous socialists who introduced a communist system.

Q.6. What was the main occupation of Russians?

Q.7. Highlight the main events of February Revolution.

Q.8. Discuss the negative aspects of the Bolshevik government on soviet union and its people.

Q.9. How was the bad condition of women responsible for Russian revolution?

Q.10. Why Socialists were against private property? Explain.

Q.11. What was the Bolshevik Ideology?

Q.12. Explain any five effects of the Russian Revolution of 1917 over Russia.

Q.13. Mention any five effects of the Petrograd Revolution.

Q.14. Explain any five reasons why Russian people wanted the Czar to withdraw from the First World War?

Q.15. Mention the features of socialism.

The document Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Worksheet History Chapter 2 is a part of the Class 9 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 9.
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FAQs on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Worksheet History Chapter 2

1. What is socialism and how does it relate to Europe and the Russian Revolution?
Ans. Socialism is an economic and political ideology that advocates for the collective ownership and control of the means of production by the community as a whole. In Europe, socialism gained significant traction as a response to widespread industrialization and social inequalities. The Russian Revolution, which took place in 1917, was a result of socialist ideals and led to the establishment of the world's first socialist state, the Soviet Union.
2. What were the key factors that contributed to the rise of socialism in Europe?
Ans. Several factors played a role in the rise of socialism in Europe. Industrialization and the resulting exploitation of workers, growing social inequalities, and the desire for workers' rights and better living conditions were significant catalysts. Additionally, the influence of socialist thinkers like Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who critiqued capitalism and proposed an alternative socialist system, contributed to the popularity of socialism in Europe.
3. How did the Russian Revolution impact the world?
Ans. The Russian Revolution had a profound impact on the world. It led to the establishment of the Soviet Union, which became a major global power and influenced the course of history for much of the 20th century. The revolution also inspired other socialist and communist movements around the world, especially during the interwar period. It challenged the existing world order and led to increased tensions between capitalist and socialist ideologies during the Cold War.
4. What were the main goals of the Russian Revolution?
Ans. The Russian Revolution aimed to overthrow the autocratic rule of the Tsar and create a socialist society. The revolutionaries sought to end the exploitation of the working class, redistribute land and wealth, and establish a government based on the principles of socialism. They aimed to create a society where the means of production were collectively owned and controlled by the workers, ensuring equality and social justice for all.
5. How did the Russian Revolution impact the working class and peasants in Russia?
Ans. The Russian Revolution had a significant impact on the working class and peasants in Russia. It brought about major socio-economic changes, such as the abolition of private property and the redistribution of land and resources to the peasants. The working class gained improved workers' rights, including the right to form trade unions and collectively bargain for better conditions. However, the revolution also led to a period of instability and conflict, as different factions vied for power, which had both positive and negative consequences for the working class and peasants.
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