Class 5 Exam  >  Class 5 Notes  >  Science Class 5  >  Differences between Living & Non-Living things

Differences between Living & Non-Living things | Science Class 5 PDF Download

Things you’ll learn: 

  • Difference between living and non-living things

  • Criteria for differentiating living things from non-living things


Differences between Living & Non-Living things | Science Class 5

Difference between living and non-living things

Differences between Living & Non-Living things | Science Class 5

Criteria for differentiating living things from non-living things:

For easy differentiation between living things and non-living things, scientists have come up with traits or characteristics that are unique to them. The criterion for classification is necessary to avoid the wrong grouping. Hence, science developed a basis for classification. Anything that has life is considered a living being.

For example– humans, trees, dogs, etc.

Differences between Living & Non-Living things | Science Class 5

Things which have no life in them are considered non-living.

For example– stone, mountain, watch, etc.

Differences between Living & Non-Living things | Science Class 5

Scientists have discovered a few criteria for differentiating living things from non-living things.

Here are some of them:

  1. Living beings can grow and develop.

  2. Living beings obtain and use energy.

  3. Living beings adapt to their environment.

  4. All living beings are made of one or more cells.

  5. Living beings respond to their environment or stimuli.

  6. All living things excrete to remove waste material from the body.

  7. Living beings have the ability to give birth to their young ones through the process of reproduction.

  8. All living beings require energy to perform different metabolic activities, and they gain energy from food/ nutrition.

  9. All living beings, apart from plants, move from one place to another. This type of movement is called locomotion.

If something obeys a few of the rules, it cannot be categorized as a living thing. It has to follow all the given rules stringently. For example, an icicle, although it grows (increases its mass or length), is still a non-living thing since it cannot reproduce or respond to stimuli.

Non-living things do not have any of the life processes, unlike living beings.

The document Differences between Living & Non-Living things | Science Class 5 is a part of the Class 5 Course Science Class 5.
All you need of Class 5 at this link: Class 5
44 videos|204 docs|45 tests

Up next

FAQs on Differences between Living & Non-Living things - Science Class 5

1. What are the characteristics of living things?
Ans. Living things have several characteristics that differentiate them from non-living things. Some of these characteristics include the ability to grow, reproduce, respond to stimuli, maintain homeostasis, and obtain and use energy.
2. What are the main differences between living and non-living things?
Ans. The main differences between living and non-living things are that living things can grow, reproduce, respond to stimuli, maintain homeostasis, and obtain and use energy, while non-living things cannot exhibit these characteristics.
3. How do living things obtain and use energy?
Ans. Living things obtain and use energy through various processes. Plants, for example, obtain energy through photosynthesis, where they convert sunlight into chemical energy. Animals obtain energy by consuming plants or other animals.
4. Can non-living things grow?
Ans. No, non-living things cannot grow. Growth is a characteristic of living things, and it refers to an increase in size or the number of cells in an organism. Non-living things do not have cells and therefore cannot grow.
5. Do non-living things respond to stimuli?
Ans. No, non-living things do not respond to stimuli. The ability to respond to stimuli is a characteristic of living things. They can react to changes in their environment or exhibit a response to a specific stimulus. Non-living things, on the other hand, do not have the ability to respond in this way.
44 videos|204 docs|45 tests
Download as PDF

Up next

Explore Courses for Class 5 exam
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Related Searches

Differences between Living & Non-Living things | Science Class 5

,

Objective type Questions

,

past year papers

,

Extra Questions

,

mock tests for examination

,

Semester Notes

,

Important questions

,

Viva Questions

,

Sample Paper

,

Differences between Living & Non-Living things | Science Class 5

,

study material

,

practice quizzes

,

Summary

,

video lectures

,

Differences between Living & Non-Living things | Science Class 5

,

ppt

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Exam

,

MCQs

,

pdf

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Free

;