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Eclipse Class 5 Notes Science

Introduction

Have you ever wondered,  when the sun shines, it's like a giant flashlight in space. Now, just like when you stand in the light and your shadow appears on the ground, the Moon and Earth can also make shadows in space. These shadows create amazing events called eclipses. During an eclipse, it's like the sun or the moon is taking a quick nap behind the shadows, and things get interesting to watch! 

Eclipse Eclipse 

What is an Eclipse?

An eclipse is like a special hide-and-seek game in space. When the moon and Earth line up straight with the sun, they make shadows on each other. It's kind of like when you stand in front of a flashlight and make a shadow on the wall. Depending on who's in front of the sun, either the moon or the Earth can look partly or fully invisible for a little while. That's how an eclipse happens!

Types of Eclipses 

There are two types of eclipses - Lunar eclipses and Solar eclipses.

Question for Detailed Notes: Eclipse
Try yourself:What causes an Lunar eclipse?
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Lunar Eclipse

  • When the Earth gets between the sun and the moon, it makes a shadow that blocks sunlight from reaching the moon.
  • This is called a lunar eclipse or eclipse of the moon.
  • If the whole moon gets covered by the Earth's shadow, it's called a total lunar eclipse.
    Lunar Eclipse 
    Lunar Eclipse 
  • If only part of the moon is hidden, it's called a partial lunar eclipse.
  • Lunar eclipses happen only during a full moon but not every full moon night.
  • Every year, there are at least two lunar eclipses.
     
    Question for Detailed Notes: Eclipse
    Try yourself:
    What causes a lunar eclipse?
    View Solution

Solar Eclipse 

  • A solar eclipse happens when the moon gets between the sun and the Earth.
  • The moon blocks the sun's light from reaching the Earth, creating a shadow on it.
  • This happens during the new moon phase.
  • We can see up to 5 solar eclipses each year.
  • During a solar eclipse, it's a new moon day.
    Solar Eclipse
    Solar Eclipse
  • The moon's shadow covers a part of the Earth, so some people can't see the sun at all, creating a total solar eclipse.
  • In other places, only a piece of the sun is hidden, making it a partial solar eclipse.
    Question for Detailed Notes: Eclipse
    Try yourself:
    What causes a solar eclipse?
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  • Once the moon moves away, we can see the full sun again.
  • A total solar eclipse lasts just a few minutes.
  • Never look directly at the sun during a solar eclipse as it can harm your eyes.
The document Eclipse Class 5 Notes Science is a part of the Class 5 Course Science Class 5.
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FAQs on Eclipse Class 5 Notes Science

1. What is a lunar eclipse?
Ans. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon, causing the Earth's shadow to cover the Moon.
2. What is a solar eclipse?
Ans. A solar eclipse happens when the Moon comes between the Sun and the Earth, blocking the Sun's light and casting a shadow on the Earth.
3. How often do lunar eclipses occur?
Ans. Lunar eclipses can occur a few times a year but are not visible from all parts of the world.
4. Can you look directly at a solar eclipse?
Ans. No, it is not safe to look directly at a solar eclipse as it can cause permanent eye damage. Special eye protection or indirect viewing methods should be used.
5. What is the difference between a total solar eclipse and a partial solar eclipse?
Ans. In a total solar eclipse, the Moon completely covers the Sun, while in a partial solar eclipse, only a part of the Sun is blocked by the Moon.
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