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Solved questions: Active and Passive Voice | Class 11 English Grammar PDF Download

Q.1. Change the following sentences from the Active Voice to the Passive Voice.
(i)  They feed the elephants at the zoo twice a day.

The elephant at the zoo are fed twice a day

(ii) The Prime Minister will survey the tsunami-affected areas.

The tsunami affected are will be surveyed by the Prime Minister.

(iii) The author has written a special edition for children.

A special addition has been written for children.

(iv) The volunteers are helping the villagers rebuild their houses.

The villagers are being helped in rebuilding their houses by the volunteers.

(v) They have written letters appealing to the district administration for help.

The letters have been written by them appealing to the district administration for help.

(vi) Why did you do such a thing?

Why was such a thing done by you?

(vii) He was driving a brand–new car.

A brand new car was being driven by him.

(viii) He had finished the work by the time we reached.

The work had been finished by the time we reached.

(ix) The government is spending very little money on the maintenance of roads.

Very little money is being spent by the government on the maintenance of roads.

(x) Barnaby had not forgotten the sugarcoated explosives.

The sugarcoated explosives had not been forgotten by Barnaby.


Q.2. Complete the following dialogue by filling in the blanks with passive constructions.
Asha: Who stitches your clothes?
Neha: My clothes (a) _________ in Kamla Nagar.
Asha: They are beautiful. Who buys the material for your dresses?
Neha: The material (b) _________
Asha: And who designs your outfits?
Neha: The outfit I am wearing today (c) _________
Asha: Your yellow dress has beautiful embroidery. Who did it?
Neha: Oh, It was (d) _________
Asha: Where did you learn to embroider?

(a) are stitched
(b) is bought by my mother
(c) was designed by me
(d) was embroidered by me
(e) was taught


Q.3. Read the following newspaper headlines. Then use the information given in the headlines to complete the sentences that follow.
(i) Kolkata Man Discovers Comet
An astronomer Mr. Dutta claims that he will be visible to the naked eye in six months.

(ii) Cyclone Leaves Thousand Dead In Gujarat
A Cyclone Which Swept Across the State at Midnight

(iii) Us Not To Sell Missiles to Pak
US President has assured India that

(i) has discovered a comet
(ii) left thousands dead in Gujarat.
(iii) the United States will not sell missiles to Pakistan.


Q.4. Look at the news headlines below and use the information to complete the sentences.
(i) Car Thieves Gang Busted
The Police Commissioner reports that the car thieves’ gang __________
(ii) C.M. Surveys Flood-Hit Area
The Chief Minister arrives tomorrow at Chandigarh where the flood-hit areas __________ by him.
(iii) States to Revise Ration Cards
The Rationing Department confirms that all the ration cards __________ by the states within two months.

(i) has been busted
(ii) will be surveyed
(iii) will be revised


Q.5. Complete each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentences printed before it.
(i) Our teacher taught us how to face an interview.
We were __________
(ii) Do not look down upon the poor.
The poor __________
(iii) Did they offer you the job?
Was the job __________?

(i) taught by our teacher how to face an interview
(ii) should not be looked down upon
(iii) offered to you


Q.6. Given below is a set of instructions for a recipe. Complete the following paragraph using these instructions appropriately

  1. Take six bananas
  2. Crush them into pulp.
  3. Boil half kg of milk.
  4. Add banana pulp and sugar.
  5. Stir for two minutes and then remove it from heat.

Six bananas are taken and crushed into a pulp. Half a kg of milk
(a) ______ and banana pulp and sugar
(b) _______ the mixture.
(c) ______ from the heat.

(a) is boiled
(b) are added to
(c) It is then removed


Q.7. Your friend’s uncle has given her ₹ 20,000, hut she does not have an account in the bank. Tell her how to open an account in the bank. The following instructions may be used to complete the paragraph.
Go to the nearby branch.
Contact the officer and take the form.
Complete the form with the necessary information.
Submit the form with two photographs and a proof of residence.
Go to the nearby branch of the bank chosen by you. The branch office should be contacted. A form
(a) ________ It should be (b) ________ The form (c) ________ with two photographs and a proof of residence.

(a) should be taken
(b) filled
(c) should be submitted


Q.8. Look at the newspaper headlines below and use the information to complete the sentences.
(i) Suspect Arrested
Delhi Police reports that the suspect __________ in Jaipur.
(ii) Minister to Open Hospital
The health minister will arrive at Lucknow next week. The new hospital __________ by him.
(iii) Indian Wins Top Chess Prize
The International Chess Tournament __________ by an Indian.

(i) has been arrested
(ii) will be opened
(iii) has been won


Q.9. Given below is a set of instructions for washing clothes. Imagine that you have completed this procedure. Complete the following paragraph reporting what you did.
(i) Pour water in the washing machine up to the marked level.
(ii) Add sufficient detergent powder to give a rich foam.
(iii) Put the fine clothes first and switch on the machine.
(iv) Switch off the machine after five minutes.

Water was poured in the washing machine up to the marked level, sufficient powder (a) __________ to give a rich foam. The fine clothes (b) __________ and the machine (c) __________ After five minutes the washing machine (d) __________

(a) was added
(b) were put first
(c) was switched on
(d) was switched off

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