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Synonyms and Antonyms Tips and Tricks for Government Exams

Introduction

Synonyms

  • A synonym is a word, or in some cases a phrase that has the same meaning as another word with regards to the same language. If the meaning is not exactly the same, the words have very similar meanings in the context.
  • When two words are synonyms of one another, we call them synonymous words. Let us take the example of the word “jump”. The words leap, bounce, hop are all synonymous to jump, i.e. they have the same (or very similar) meanings.

Synonyms and Antonyms Tips and Tricks for Government Exams

Antonyms

  • Now as opposed to a synonym, an antonym is a word whose meaning is exactly opposite to another word, in the same language. It originates from the Greek word “anti” which stands for opposite and “onym” which stands for “name”. For example the antonym for hot is cold, and the antonym for up is down.
  • Antonyms are actually quite useful in the English language. At times it is easy to understand the meaning and the context of a difficult word, by knowing what the opposite of the word means. Take for example the word “mundane” whose synonym is “humdrum”. The antonym for mundane is “extraordinary” or “imaginative”. Now the word mundane has much better clarity.

Tips

1. Similar Options:

  • Some words are eye-catchy, you immediately think it’s going to be the antonym/synonym, but most of the guesses are not gonna be right so go through the options once again unless you’re sure of the answer.

2. Over-cramming:

  • Do not try to cram words and their meanings. Instead, try to understand the meaning of the word by reading its examples and usage.

3. Associate Words:

  • When you have a word try to guess all its synonyms and from the answers see the exact word which has the same meaning, in the case of antonym the opposite meaning

4. Eliminate:

  • You can use the elimination method in the exam. Out of the four options given, try to look for the meaning of all four. There are chances that you might know the meaning of at least 3 options. It will become easier for you to attempt the question that way.

5. Grammar Clues:

  • Know the part of the speech the word is used in… For example, the word run can be used as a verb but it could also be used as a noun like ‘home run’ so make sure you know the part of the speech before answering.

Solved Examples

Question for Tips & Tricks: Synonyms and Antonyms
Try yourself:Pick out the synonym of the words given below.
INITIATE
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Question for Tips & Tricks: Synonyms and Antonyms
Try yourself:Pick out the synonym of the words given below.​
SHIMMER
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Question for Tips & Tricks: Synonyms and Antonyms
Try yourself:Pick out the opposite of the given word.
ESSENTIAL
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Question for Tips & Tricks: Synonyms and Antonyms
Try yourself:Pick out the opposite of the given word.​
DOMINATE
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FAQs on Synonyms and Antonyms Tips and Tricks for Government Exams

1. What are synonyms and antonyms?
Ans. Synonyms are words that have similar meanings to each other, while antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. For example, "happy" and "joyful" are synonyms, while "happy" and "sad" are antonyms.
2. Why are synonyms and antonyms important in language?
Ans. Synonyms and antonyms are important in language because they help us to expand our vocabulary and express ourselves more precisely. By using synonyms, we can avoid repeating the same word and make our writing or speaking more varied and interesting. Antonyms, on the other hand, allow us to show contrasts and convey different shades of meaning.
3. How can I find synonyms and antonyms for a specific word?
Ans. There are several ways to find synonyms and antonyms for a specific word. One way is to use a thesaurus, either in book form or online. Thesauruses provide lists of synonyms and antonyms for many words. Another way is to use online dictionaries, which often include synonyms and antonyms as part of the word's definition. Additionally, you can search for the word along with the term "synonyms" or "antonyms" in a search engine to find various websites or resources dedicated to providing synonyms and antonyms.
4. Are synonyms and antonyms always interchangeable?
Ans. No, synonyms and antonyms are not always interchangeable. While synonyms have similar meanings, they may have different connotations or shades of meaning. For example, "thin" and "slender" are synonyms, but "slender" suggests a more positive and graceful quality compared to "thin." Antonyms, on the other hand, have opposite meanings, so they cannot be used interchangeably. It is important to consider the context and intended meaning when choosing between synonyms or antonyms.
5. How can I improve my knowledge of synonyms and antonyms?
Ans. To improve your knowledge of synonyms and antonyms, you can regularly practice using a thesaurus or online resources to find alternative words for common terms. You can also make a habit of reading extensively, as exposure to a wide range of vocabulary will naturally introduce you to different synonyms and antonyms. Additionally, challenging yourself with vocabulary quizzes or word games can help reinforce your understanding and retention of synonyms and antonyms.
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