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Tips & Tricks: Analogy | Tips & Tricks for Government Exams - Bank Exams PDF Download

Introduction

Here on this you will be provided with the Tips and Tricks of Analogy and classification Recognition. A variety of Analogy questions are being asked in competitive exams, but there is no rule of thumb to rapid them.
Basic general knowledge followed by a good vocabulary can easily help in solving such problems. 

Definition

An analogy is a cognitive tool used to compare relationships between pairs of things, concepts, or ideas. It's a way of explaining or understanding something by drawing parallels between two different but similar situations. Analogies are commonly used to clarify complex ideas, enhance understanding, and make new concepts relatable by using familiar contexts

Tips and Shortcuts for Analogy and Classification Recognition

  • Identify the Relationship: Before trying to find the correct answer, understand the relationship between the given pair of words. Is it a synonym, antonym, part-whole relationship, cause-effect, etc.?
  • Apply the Relationship: Once you’ve identified the relationship, apply it to the answer choices. Look for the answer choice that exhibits the same relationship as the given pair.
  • Use Key Words: Pay attention to key words or phrases in the analogy. These might hint at the type of relationship you’re dealing with.
  • Eliminate Wrong Answers: Often, eliminating obviously incorrect answer choices can narrow down your options and increase your chances of selecting the correct answer.
  • Check for Consistency: Ensure that the relationship you identify applies consistently to all parts of the analogy.
  • Draw a Quick Diagram: Sometimes, sketching a simple diagram or visualization of the relationship can make it easier to see which answer fits.
  • Avoid Misdirection: Be wary of answer choices that may seem logical at first glance but do not accurately reflect the relationship between the given words.

Types of Analogies and Classification Recognition

  • Completing analogous pair: Such questions give the relationship between a pair; the first element of the second pair is given and we have to find the second element of the second pair based on a similar relationship given by the first pair.
  • Simple Analogy: In such questions, a simple statement is given where a relationship is given and we’re asked the second element for the term given in the question.
  • Choosing the analogous pair: In such questions, a pair is given in the question and we’ve to find a suitable pair from the options given that resembles the similar relationship.
  • Multiple word analogy: These are the type of questions discussed above with the only difference being that here three elements are given in a pair instead of two and we have to select the suitable option.
  • Number Based Analogy: In this analogy we just have to find the next term in relation to the sequence given in the questions.
  • Alphabet-based analogy: In these types of questions, two words that are a group of random letters are related to each other in some way.

Examples

Example 1: 8 : 39 :: 72 : __ ?
(a) 09
(b) 318
(c) 354
(d) 351
Ans: 
(d)
Solution: 8 is first getting multiplied by 5 and then it is getting subtracted by 1 as 8 is the first multiple of 8. (8 = 8 × 1) = 8 × 5 – 1 = 39
Similarly,
We’ll first multiply 72 by 5 and then subtract 9 from it as 72 is the 9th multiple of 8. (72 = 8 × 9) = 72 × 5 – 9 = 351.

Example 2: Cannes : France :: Milan ______.
(a) Germany
(b) Italy
(c) Iceland
(d) England
Ans:
(b)
Solution: The most famous of city of France is Cannes whereas the most famous city of Italy is Milan.

Example 3: 9 * 5 : 5 :: 8 * 9 : ?
(a) 5
(b) 8
(c) 2
(d) 7
Ans: 
(c)
Solution: Multiply the digits and the unit digit is the answer.
Like,
9 × 5 = 45 : Its unit’s digit is 5.
8 × 9 = 72 : Its unit’s digit is 2.

Example 4: HJIK : MONP : : STUV : ?
(a) XVZA
(b) UWVX
(c) UXWV
(d) UWXV
Ans: 
(d)
Solution: H + 5 = M
J + 5 = N
I + 5 = O
K + 5 = P
S + 5 = X
T + 5 = Y
U + 5 = Z
V + 5 = A

Example 5: Apple : Fruit :: Carrot : ______.
(a) Stem
(b) Vegetable
(c) Root
(d) Root vegetable
Ans:
(d)
Solution: Apple is a famous fruit whereas Carrot is a root vegetable.

The document Tips & Tricks: Analogy | Tips & Tricks for Government Exams - Bank Exams is a part of the Bank Exams Course Tips & Tricks for Government Exams.
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FAQs on Tips & Tricks: Analogy - Tips & Tricks for Government Exams - Bank Exams

1. What is an analogy?
Ans. An analogy is a comparison between two things that are similar in some way, but also have differences. It helps to explain complex or abstract concepts by relating them to more familiar or concrete ideas.
2. How can analogies be used in learning?
Ans. Analogies are often used in learning to help students understand new or difficult concepts by relating them to something they already know. They can make abstract ideas more concrete and relatable, aiding in comprehension and retention.
3. Are analogies only used in language learning?
Ans. No, analogies can be used in various subjects and disciplines. They can be applied in mathematics, science, art, and even in everyday life. Analogies help to make connections between different ideas or concepts, regardless of the subject.
4. Can analogies be used in problem-solving?
Ans. Yes, analogies can be a useful tool in problem-solving. By finding similarities between a current problem and a previously solved one, analogies can guide us in developing a solution. They help us to transfer knowledge and strategies from one situation to another.
5. How can I improve my ability to create analogies?
Ans. Improving analogy skills can be done through practice and exposure to different types of analogies. Reading books, solving analogy-based puzzles, and practicing with analogy exercises can all help to enhance your ability to create and understand analogies.
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