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Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

Q1: Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs).


(i) Which of the following is a source of carbohydrate?
(a) Rice
(b) Fish
(c) Egg
(d) Milk

Ans: (a)
Rice is a rich source of carbohydrates which provide energy to our body.

(ii) Which of these food items is a source of protein?
(a) Potato
(b) Bread
(c) Lentils
(d) Sugar
Ans: 
(c)
Lentils are a good source of protein which is essential for growth and repair of body tissues.

(iii) Which of these vitamins is essential for good vision?
(a) Vitamin A
(b) Vitamin B
(c) Vitamin C
(d) Vitamin D

Ans: (a)
Vitamin A is essential for good vision and also helps in maintaining healthy skin and immune system.

(iv) Which mineral is important for healthy bones and teeth?
(a) Calcium
(b) Iron
(c) Sodium
(d) Potassium

Ans: (a)
Calcium is important for healthy bones and teeth, as it gives strength and rigidity to them.

(v) Which of these diseases is caused by a deficiency of Vitamin C?
(a) Scurvy
(b) Rickets
(c) Beriberi
(d) Night blindness

Ans: (a)
Scurvy is caused by a deficiency of Vitamin C. It results in weak blood vessels and poor wound healing.
Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

Q2: Fill in the Blanks.


(i) The process of taking in and using food by our body is called ________.
Ans: The process of taking in and using food by our body is called nutrition.

(ii) The disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin A is ________.
Ans: The disease caused by deficiency of Vitamin A is night blindness.

(iii) The energy-giving nutrients are ________ and ________.
Ans: The energy-giving nutrients are carbohydrates and fats.

(iv) The deficiency of Vitamin D in children causes ________.
Ans: The deficiency of Vitamin D in children causes rickets.

(v) The nutrient which helps in building and repairing body tissues is ________.
Ans: The nutrient which helps in building and repairing body tissues is protein.
Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

Q3: Match the Column.

Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

Ans: (i) Protein - (b) Bodybuilding nutrient
(ii) Vitamin C - (a) Scurvy
(iii) Carbohydrates - (e) Energy-giving nutrient
(iv) Fats - (e) Energy-giving nutrient
(v) Vitamin B1 - (c) Beriberi

Q4: True or False.


(i) Eating a balanced diet is important for maintaining good health.
Ans: True
A balanced diet contains the right amount of nutrients, such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals, which are essential for maintaining good health and preventing various diseases.

(ii) Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of vitamins and minerals.
Ans: True
Fruits and vegetables contain essential vitamins and minerals that help our body function properly. They are rich in vitamins A, C, and E, as well as minerals like potassium, calcium, and iron.

(iii) Night blindness is caused by deficiency of Vitamin C.
Ans: False
Night blindness is caused by a deficiency of Vitamin A, not Vitamin C. Vitamin A is necessary for maintaining good vision, especially in low light conditions.

(iv) Fats are not essential for our body.
Ans: False
Fats are essential for our body as they provide energy, help in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, and act as a cushion for our organs.

(v) Drinking contaminated water can cause diseases like cholera and diarrhea.
Ans: True
Drinking contaminated water can lead to the ingestion of harmful microorganisms, such as bacteria or viruses, which can cause diseases like cholera and diarrhea. It is essential to drink clean and purified water to maintain good health.

Q5: Short Answer Questions.


(i) What are the three main types of nutrients in food?
Ans: The three main types of nutrients in food are carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Carbohydrates provide energy, proteins help in growth and repair of body tissues, and fats provide energy and help in the absorption of vitamins.
Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

(ii) Why is it important to have a balanced diet?
Ans: It is important to have a balanced diet because it provides all the essential nutrients in the right proportion, which are required for proper growth, development, and maintenance of good health.

(iii) What are the two types of vitamins? Give one example of each type.
Ans: The two types of vitamins are fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins. Fat-soluble vitamins include Vitamin A, D, E, and K, while water-soluble vitamins include Vitamin B and C.

(iv) Name two diseases caused by a deficiency of vitamins.
Ans: Two diseases caused by a deficiency of vitamins are:
1. Night blindness - caused by a deficiency of Vitamin A
2. Scurvy - caused by a deficiency of Vitamin C

(v) Why is it important to drink clean water and maintain personal hygiene?
Ans: It is important to drink clean water and maintain personal hygiene because it helps in preventing waterborne and foodborne diseases, which can cause various health issues, such as diarrhea, cholera, and typhoid.

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FAQs on Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 1 Class 6 Worksheet Science

1. What are the benefits of a healthy diet?
Ans. A healthy diet provides several benefits, including: - improved energy levels - better concentration and productivity - reduced risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes - stronger immune system - better weight management
2. What are some common nutrient deficiencies?
Ans. Nutrient deficiencies can occur when the body does not get enough essential nutrients. Some common deficiencies include: - Iron deficiency: can lead to anemia and fatigue - Vitamin D deficiency: can cause weakened bones and immune system problems - Vitamin C deficiency: can lead to scurvy and weakened immune function - Calcium deficiency: can result in weak bones and teeth - Vitamin B12 deficiency: can cause anemia and neurological problems
3. How can I improve my digestion?
Ans. To improve digestion, you can: - Eat a high-fiber diet: include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes - Stay hydrated: drink plenty of water throughout the day - Chew your food thoroughly: this helps break down food and aids digestion - Avoid excessive intake of fatty or greasy foods: they can slow down digestion - Manage stress: stress can affect digestion, so finding ways to relax can help
4. What are the health risks associated with an unhealthy diet?
Ans. An unhealthy diet can lead to various health risks, including: - Obesity: excessive consumption of unhealthy foods can lead to weight gain - Heart disease: diets high in saturated and trans fats can contribute to heart disease - Type 2 diabetes: poor diet choices can increase the risk of developing diabetes - High blood pressure: excessive sodium intake from unhealthy foods can lead to hypertension - Nutrient deficiencies: a diet lacking in essential nutrients can lead to various health problems
5. What are the key nutrients needed for a healthy diet?
Ans. A healthy diet should include a variety of nutrients, including: - Carbohydrates: provide energy and should come from sources like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables - Proteins: essential for growth and repair, found in foods like meat, fish, beans, and tofu - Fats: necessary for energy and absorption of certain vitamins, should come from sources like avocados, nuts, and olive oil - Vitamins and minerals: essential for various bodily functions and can be obtained from fruits, vegetables, and whole foods - Water: important for hydration and overall body function, should be consumed throughout the day.
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