Class 10 Exam  >  Class 10 Notes  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 10  >  Worksheet: Resources and Development

Resources and Development Class 10 Worksheet Geography Chapter 1

Objective Type Questions
Q1: The resources of ownership are:
(a) plantation
(b) pasture land
(c) ponds
(d) all of the above

Q2: On the basis of its origin, resources can be classified into:
(a) renewable and non-renewable
(b) continuous and biological
(c) biotic and abiotic
(d) recyclable and non-recyclable

Q3: The ocean resources beyond 200 nautical miles is classified under which zone?
(a) Exclusive Economic Zone
(b) Export-processing Zone
(c) Special Economic Zone
(d) None of these

Q4: Everything available in our environment to satisfy our needs is termed as:
(a) technology
 (b) resource
(c) natural vegetation
 (d) none of these

Q5: Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab?
(a) Intensive cultivation
(b) Deforestation
(c) Over irrigation
(d) Overgrazing

Q6: Which of the following is not classified on the basis of status of development?
(a) Potential resource
(b) Developed stock resource
(c) Reserves resource
(d) Renewable resource

Q7: What percentage of land in India consist of fertile plains?
(a) 70%
(b) 38%
(c) 61%
(d) 43%

Q8: Under which of the following type of resource can tidal energy be put?
(a) Replenishable
(b) Human-made
(c) Abiotic
(d) Non-recyclable

Q9: The land which is left uncultivated for more than five agricultural years is called ______?
(a) grazing land
(b) fallow land
(c) culturable wasteland
(d) barren and waste land

Q10: Which soil is also known as regur soil?
(a) Black soil
(b) Red soil
(c) Alluvial soil
(d) Laterite soil


Fill In The Blank  

Direction: Complete the following statements with appropriate word(s).
Q1:  ______ aimed at achieving global sustainable development.

Q2:  The resources which can be renewed are known as ______ .

Q3: BMI stands for .......... .

Q4: HDI rank of India is .......... .

Q5: The average income is also known as .......... .

Q6: Literacy rate in Bihar in the year 2001 was ......... .

Q7: Per capita income of the US is .......... .

True/False

Direction : Read each of the following statements and write if it is true or false.
Q1:  Judicious use of resources is generally called the Development of Resources.

Q2: Fallow land is the land put to agricultural use and for grazing.

Q3: HDI is compared on the basis of education only.

Q4: Literacy rate of India is 67%

Q5: Average income and per capita income both are the same concepts.

Q6: Life expectancy is age at the time of death.

Q7: Adult Literacy Rate means people of 7 years and above.

Assertion And Reason

Direction : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Q1: Assertion : The availability of resources is not the only necessary condition for the development of any region.
Reason : 
Not only availability of resources but also corresponding change in technology is necessary for development of any region.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q2: Assertion : Land is a natural resource of utmost importance.
Reason : Land can be used for various purposes.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q3: Assertion : Soil is the most important renewable natural resource.
Reason : Soil supports different types of living organisms on earth.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q4: Assertion : Arid soil is unsuitable for cultivation.
Reason : Arid soil is generally sandy in texture and saline in nature. It restricts the filtration of water.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q5: Assertion : Terrace cultivation does not restrict erosion.
Reason : Running water cuts through the clayey soils and makes deep channels as gullies. This helps to cultivate crops.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q6: Assertion : Suppose the literacy rate in a state is 78% and the net attendance ratio in secondary stage is 47%.
Reason : More than half of the students are going to other states for elementary education.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q7: Assertion : Different people have different developmental goals.
Reason : The capitalist approach to development is detrimental to poor section of the society.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q8: Assertion : The average income of a country is about USS 12,056; however, the country is still not a developed country.
Reason : The income levels are highly skewed for the country.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q9: Assertion : A country that was extremely rich in natural resources has mainly relied on oil extraction for revenue generation for several centuries. However, the scientists predict that the country may become poor in the future if other means of generating income are not devised.
Reason : Oil is a non-renewable resource, and it is likely to get exhausted if not used judiciously.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Q10: Assertion : The crude oil reserves are going down for the entire world, and the countries need to find substitute fuel for crude oil.
Reason : A country that is dependent on imports for crude oil will demand more crude oil in the future.
(a) If Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
(b) If Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
(c) If Assertion is true but reason is false.
(d) If Both assertion and reason are false.

Very Short Answer Type Questions
Q1: Give one difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources.

Q2: What are resources which are found in a region but have not been utilised called? 

Q3: Give examples of abiotic resources.

Q4: Which relief features of India has 30 percent of the total surface area of country?

Q5: Which regions of India have well developed terrace farming?

Short Answer Type Questions
Q1: What is Agenda 21? List its two principles. 

 Q2: In India, some regions are rich in certain types of resources but deficient in some other resources”. Do you agree with the statement? Support your answer with any three examples.

 Q3: Which is the main cause of land degradation in Gujarat, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh? How can it be checked? Explain.

Q4: Mention any three features of arid soils.

Q5: Indiscriminate use of resources had led to numerous problems.’ Justify this statement. 

 Q6: Distinguish between the renewable and nonrenewable resources.

Long Answer Type Questions

 Q1: Provide a suitable classification for resources on the basis of ownership. Mention main features of any three types of such resources.

Q2: List the problems caused due to indiscriminate use of resources by human beings.

 Q3: ‘Consumption of energy in all forms has been rising all over the country. There is an urgent need to develop a sustainable path of energy development and energy saving’. Suggest and explain any three measures tosolve this burning problem.

The document Resources and Development Class 10 Worksheet Geography Chapter 1 is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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