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Minerals and Energy Resources Class 10 Worksheet Geography Chapter 1

Multiple choice Questions
Q1: Which is the oldest oil producing state of India ?
(a) Assam
(b) Gujarat
(c) Maharashtra
(d) Odisha (Orissa)

Q2: What percentage of total minerals areutilised by us ?
(a) 0.1%
(b) 0.2%
(c) 0.3%
(d) 0.4%

Q3: Which is the finest iron ore with 70% of iron ?
(a) Magnetite
(b) Hematite
(c) Bauxite
(d) All of these

Q4: Hydroelectricity is generated by :
(a) Water
(b) Coal
(c) Petroleum
(d) Natural gas

Q5: Monazite sands of Kerala is rich in :
(a) Uranium
(b) Barium
(c) Thorium
(d) Coal

Q6: Arrange the following states in sequence according to their share per cent of iron ore production in the year 2016- 2017 :
(i) Chhattisgarh
(ii) Karnataka
(iii) Odisha
(iv) Jharkhand
Options :
(a) (i)-(iv)-(ii)-(iii)
(b) (iii)-(i)-(ii)-(iv)
(c) (iv)-(ii)-(iii)-(i)
(d) (i)-(ii)-(iv)-(iii)

Q7: In which of the following states is Kalpakkam Nuclear power plant located ?
(a) Gujarat
(b) Odisha
(c) Kerala
(d) Tamil Nadu

Q8: India is highly dependent on ______ for meeting its commercial energy requirements.
(a) water
(b) nuclear
(c) tidal energy
(d) coal

Q9: Complete the statement with appropriate word. After all, “energy saved is energy ______".
(a) produced
(b) conserved
(c) used
(d) polluted

Q10: India is highly dependent on ______ for meeting its commercial energy requirements.
(a) water
(b) nuclear
(c) tidal energy
(d) coal

Assertion and Reasoning Based Questions
Mark the option which is most suitable:
Q1: Assertion : Most nuclear power stations in India have been constructed near water sources.
Reason : These power stations require a lot of water for cooling purposes.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q2: Assertion : Uses of iron brought a radical change in human life.
Reason : Different kinds of tools where invented by using minerals.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q3: Assertion : Conservation of energy resources is essential.
Reason : Energy is a basic requirement for economic development.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Q4: Assertion : Mica is a metallic mineral.
Reason : Mica mineral is the basic raw material for electric and electronic industries.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Very Short Questions
Q1: Why should the use of cattle cake as fuel be discouraged?

Q2: Mention any four conventional sources of energy.

Q3: Mention any four unconventional sources of energy.

Q4: Which is the most abundantly available fossil fuel?

Q5: How is coal formed?

Q6: Which is the most popular coal for commercial use?

Q7: Which kind of mineral is found in Rajasthan?

Q8: In which form minerals are found ?

Q9: Which is an important mineral for the industries ?

Q10: Which are the major iron ore belts in India ?

Short Questions Answers

Q1: Describe any three characteristics of ‘Odisha-Jharkhand belt’ of iron ore in India.

Q2: Which is the next major energy source in India after coal and why ? Name its most important its source in India ? 

Q3: How is coal important to industries ?

Q4: What are the different types of coal ?

Q5: What are the two main ways of generating electricity ?

Q6: Why heavy industries and thermal power stations should be located on or near the coal fields ?

Q7: India now ranks as a “wind super power” in the world. Explain.

Q8: Write about the formation of tidal energy.

Q9: Explain with an example that aluminum was widely used by the emperors of France.

Q10: Why should we use renewable energy resource? Explain with arguments.


Long Questions Answers

Q1: How is iron ore distributed in India?

Q2: What is Geothermal energy ?

Q3: What are the benefits of using non-conventional sources of energy ? What sense of duty it promotes ?

Q4: We use different things in our daily life made from metal. List a number of 10 items used in your house made of metals.

Q5: What are the different forms of coal ? Which is the highest quality coal ?

Q6: ‘Consumption of energy in all forms has been rising all over the country. There is an urgent need to develop a sustainable path of energy development and energy saving’. Suggest and explain any three measures to solve this burning problem.

Q7: Explain any five points of significance of bio-gas generation in the rural areas of India.

Q8: Highlight the importance of petroleum. Explain the occurrence of petroleum in India.

Q9: “Minerals are unevenly distributed in India.” Support the statement with examples.

Q10: Highlight the importance of petroleum. Explain the occurrence of petroleum in India.

The document Minerals and Energy Resources Class 10 Worksheet Geography Chapter 1 is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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