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Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Question Answers - Contemporary India - II

Q1: What is agriculture
Ans: 
The art and science of cultivating soil, raising crops and rearing livestock including animal husbandry and forestry.

Q2: Name any two farming system (agriculture type) which are practised in India.
Ans: 
(a) Primitive subsistence (fa) Commercial farming

Q3: Name any four agricultural products exported by India.
Ans: 
(a) Tea
(b) Coffee
(c) Spices
(d) Jute

Q4: What is primitive subsistence farming [CBSE 2014]
Ans:
It is a type of agriculture / farming which is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, doa, digging sticks and family / community labour.

Q5: What is slash and bum agriculture
Ans:
Under slash and bum agriculture, farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their family.

Q6: Which type of agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools
Ans:
Primitive subsistence farming.

Q7: What is intensive subsistence farming
Ans:
It is a type of farming practised in areas with high density of population using modem inputs

Q8: Name any two states where commercial farming is practised.
Ans:
Punjab and Haryana.

Q9: Mention any four plantation crops produced in India.
Ans:
Tea, coffee, rubber and sugarcane.

Q10: Mention any two factors which play an important role in the development of plantations.
Ans:
(i) Developed network of transport and communication connecting the plantation areas.
(ii) Developed market.

Q11: Name the cropping seasons of India with examples.
Ans: 
(i) Rabi – wheat
(ii) Kharif – paddy
(iii) Zaid – watermelon

Q12: What are rabi crops Give four examples.
Ans:
The crops which are grown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June. Wheat, barley, peas, gram are some examples of rabi crops.

Q13: What is the period of kharif crop [CBSE 2014]
Ans: 
Kharif season starts with the onset of the monsoon i.e., June-July and continues till the beginning of winter i.e., October-November. For example, rice, millets etc.

Q14: What are zaid crops
Ans:
These are crops which are sown between the rabi and kharif crops. Watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber and vegetables are some examples of zaid crops.

Q15: Mention any two important factors responsible for the success of rabi crops.
Ans:
(i) Availability of precipitation during winter months due to the western temperate cyclone.
(ii) The success of Green Revolution in Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh.

Q16: Name any four states which are the main producers of kharif crops.
Ans:
(a) Assam (b) West Bengal (c) Andhra Pradesh (d) Tamil Nadu

Q17: Name any two kharif crops. [CBSE 2014]
Ans:
Rice, millet, maize, groundnut, jute, cotton.

Q18: Name any two states where three crops of paddy are grown in a year.
Ans:
Assam and West Bengal.

Q19: Which is the staple crop of a majority of the people in India.
Ans: 
Rice.

Q20: Which country is the largest producer of rice in the world
Ans:
China.

The document Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Question Answers - Contemporary India - II is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Question Answers - Contemporary India - II

1. What are the different types of farming practices?
Ans. There are several types of farming practices, including subsistence farming, commercial farming, organic farming, intensive farming, and mixed farming. Each practice has its own unique characteristics and objectives.
2. How does organic farming differ from conventional farming?
Ans. Organic farming focuses on using natural methods and techniques to cultivate crops and raise livestock. It avoids the use of synthetic chemicals, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms. Conventional farming, on the other hand, relies on synthetic inputs and technological advancements to maximize productivity.
3. What are the advantages of mixed farming?
Ans. Mixed farming involves the integration of crop cultivation and livestock rearing on the same farm. This practice offers several benefits, such as efficient utilization of resources, better nutrient cycling, increased income diversification, and reduced risk of crop failure.
4. How does intensive farming impact the environment?
Ans. Intensive farming, also known as factory farming, involves maximizing production through high inputs of labor, capital, and technology. While it increases productivity, it also poses several environmental challenges such as soil degradation, water pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions.
5. What are the key factors influencing agricultural productivity?
Ans. Agricultural productivity is influenced by various factors, including soil fertility, availability of water, climate conditions, access to modern machinery and technology, availability of markets, government policies, and farmer's knowledge and skills. These factors play a crucial role in determining the success and efficiency of agricultural production.
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