Class 9 Exam  >  Class 9 Notes  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 9  >  Practice Questions with Solutions: Food Security in India

Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 Practice Question Answers - Economics

Multiple Choice Questions

Q1: Chronic hunger is a consequence of diets persistently inadequate:
(a) in term of quality only
(b) in term of quantity only
(c) in term of quantity and quality
(d) none of the above
Ans:
(c)
Chronic hunger is a consequence of diets persistently in adequate to both quality and quantity.

Q2: Seasonal hunger is a type of hunger when a person:
(a) is unable to get food for the entire year
(b) is able to get food for the entire year
(c) is able to get work for the entire year
(d) is unable to get work for the entire year
Ans: 
(c)
Seasonal hunger occurs when a labour is unable to get work for the entire year.

Q3: Since independence, India is aiming at self-sufficiency in:
(a) food security
(b) food grains
(c) work force
(d) none of these
Ans: 
(b)
The main aim of India is to get self-sufficiency in food grains, since independence.

Q4: The highest rate of growth in foodgrain was achieved in:
(a) Punjab and Bihar
(b) Haryana and Orissa
(c) Punjab and Haryana
(d) Punjab
Ans:
(c)
Both Punjab and Haryana have benefitted for the ‘Green Revolution’.

Q5: Fair Price Shops keep stock of:
(a) only food grains
(b) food grains and sugar
(c) food grain, sugar and kerosene oil
(d) none of the above
Ans:
(c)
Fair Price Shops keep stock of sugar, food grains and kerosene oil

Q6: Food security means:
(a) availability of food to all people at all times.
(b) availability and accessibility of food as all people at all times.
(c) availability, accessibility and affordability of food to all people at all times.
(d) none of the above.
Ans:
(c)
Actually food security means availability, asscessibility and affordability of food grain.

Q7: The famine of Bengal occurred is:
(a) 1941
(b) 1942
(c) 1943
(d) 1944
Ans:
(c)
The famine of Bengal occurred in 1943. The famine killed thirty lakh people in the province of Bengal.

Q8: Starvation deaths are also reported in Baran district of:
(a) West Bengal
(b) Bihar
(c) Orissa
(d) Rajasthan
Ans:
(d)
Baran district is in Rajasthan.

Q9: Food security in needed in a country:
(a) to ensure food at all times
(b) to ensure food to the rich
(c) to ensure food at sometimes
(d) none of the above
Ans:
(a)
Food security means to ensure food at all times.

Q10: The food insecure people are disproportionately large:
(a) in all the states of India
(b) in the states of Bihar and Orissa
(c) in some region of the country
(d) none of the above.
Ans: 
(c)
In some regions of India where production is less.

Fill in the blanks

Q11: Hunger are prevalent despite overflowing ……………. .
Ans: granaries
Despite overflowing 'granaries', hunger is prevalent. This means that even though our granaries (places where grains are stored) are filled to the brim, there are still people who are going hungry. This paradoxical situation is due to problems in the distribution of food grains.

Q12: In July, 2002, the stock of wheat and rice with FCI was ……………. million tonnes.
Ans: 63
In July 2002, the Food Corporation of India (FCI) had a stock of '63' million tonnes of wheat and rice. This fact emphasizes the abundance of food grain production in our country but also underlines the issue of proper storage and distribution.

Q13: There is a general consensus that high level of ……………. stock of food grain is very undesirable and can be wasteful.
Ans: buffer
There is a general consensus that a high level of 'buffer' stock of food grain is very undesirable and can be wasteful. 'Buffer' stock refers to the stock of food grains, namely wheat and rice procured by the government to ensure food security and price stability. However, maintaining high levels of such stocks can lead to wastage due to poor storage facilities.

Q14: ……………. dealers are sometime found resorting to malpractices.
Ans: PDS
'PDS' dealers are sometimes found resorting to malpractices. PDS stands for Public Distribution System, which is an Indian food security system for the poor. However, sometimes the dealers involved in this system misuse their position and indulge in unfair practices such as black marketing or selling poor quality grains.

Q15: When ……………. shops are unable to sell, a massive stock of foodgrains pile up with the FCI.
Ans: ration
When 'ration' shops are unable to sell, a massive stock of food grains pile up with the FCI. Ration shops are part of the PDS system, where food grains are sold at subsidized rates to the poor. If these shops fail to sell their stock, the unsold grains accumulate with the FCI, leading to problems of storage and potential wastage.

True/False

Q16: Accessibility means food is within reach of some section of the people.
Ans:
False
The statement "Accessibility means food is within reach of some section of the people" is false. Accessibility means that food is within reach for all sections of society, not just some. It implies the availability of sufficient quantities of food of appropriate quality, supplied through domestic production or imports.

Q17: The poorest section of the society are always food insecure all the time.
Ans: 
True
The statement "The poorest section of the society are always food insecure all the time" is true. The poor often lack the means to buy food or produce it themselves. They live in constant fear of not having enough to eat, leading to a state of chronic hunger. Thus, they are always food insecure.

Q18: A massive starvation might take a turn of famine.
Ans:
True
The statement "A massive starvation might take a turn of famine" is true. Famine is a widespread scarcity of food, which results in malnutrition, starvation, and increased mortality. It occurs when a region fails to produce or procure enough food to feed its population. Hence, massive starvation can indeed lead to a famine.

Q19: The famine of Bengal killed twenty lakh people.
Ans: 
False
The statement "The famine of Bengal killed twenty lakh people" is false. According to most estimates, the Bengal Famine of 1943 resulted in the death of around 3 million people, not 20 lakhs. This discrepancy is likely due to different sources citing different figures.

Q20: There are places like Kalahandi and Kashipur in Orissa where famine-like conditions have been existing for many years.
Ans:
True
The statement "There are places like Kalahandi and Kashipur in Orissa where famine-like conditions have been existing for many years" is true. These regions have been notorious for chronic hunger due to repeated crop failures and lack of alternative means of livelihood. Despite efforts by the government and NGOs, food insecurity remains a persistent problem.

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