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Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 HOTS Questions - Economics

Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions


Q1: What is Integrated Child Development Services Scheme? Write a brief note on it.
Ans:
  • Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) is an Indian government welfare programme which provides food, pre-school education, and primary health care to children under 6 years of age and their mothers.
  • These services are provided from Anganwadi centres established mainly in rural areas and staffed with frontline workers.
  • In addition to fighting malnutrition and ill-health, the programme is also intended to combat gender inequality by providing girls the same resources as boys.
  • Several positive benefits of the programme have been documented and reported.


Q2: What role does Academy of Development Science (ADS) in Maharashtra play in ensuring food security
Ans:

  • In Maharashtra, Academy of Development Science (ADS) is playing an important role in food security in India.
  • It has facilitated a network of NGOs for setting up grain banks in different regions.
  • ADS organises training and capacity building programmes on food security for NGOs.
  • Grain Banks are now slowly taking shape in different parts of Maharashtra. ADS efforts to set up Grain Banks, to facilitate replication through other NGOs and to influence the Government’s policy on food security are thus paying rich dividends.
  • The ADS Grain Bank programme is acknowledged as a successful and innovative food security intervention.

Value-based Questions (VBQs)


Q3: How does PDS ensures food security in India?
Ans: 
It is a system associated with distribution of food among the poorer section of the society through fairprice shops also known as ration shops. The value associated with this system are:
  • It ensures food availability at affordable price.
  • It combats hunger and famine by supplying food from surplus regions to deficit areas.
  • It provides income security to farmers.
  • It stabilises price of food grains.
  • Continuous changes in prices of food grains under PDS have benefited the poor households.
  • It has minimised hoarding and black marketing.


Q4: (i) How can we ensure the availability of food?
(ii) What do you mean by the accessibility of food?
(iii) What do you mean by affordability of food?
Ans:

  • Availability of food can be ensured by production of food grains within the country, food imports and the previous years stock stored in government granaries.
  • Accessibility means that food is within reach of every person.
  • Affordability implies that an individual has enough money to buy sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet one’s dietary needs.


Q5: What is public distribution system or PDS? What values are associated with this system?
Ans: 
It is a system associated with distribution of food among the poorer section of the society through fairprice shops also known as ration shops. The value associated with this system are:

  • It ensures food availability at affordable price.
  • It combats hunger and famine by supplying food from surplus regions to deficit areas.
  • It provides income security to farmers.
  • It stabilises price of food grains.
  • Continuous changes in prices of food grains under PDS have benefited the poor households.
  • It has minimised hoarding and black marketing.


Q6: What are the functions of the Food Corporation of India?
Ans:

  • It makes the food grains available to the poor at a reasonable price.
  • It maintains a price stability of food grains.
  • It plays an important role in ensuring food security in the country.
The document Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 HOTS Questions - Economics is a part of the Class 9 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 9.
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