Class 9 Exam  >  Class 9 Notes  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 9  >  Assertion & Reason Type Questions: Poverty as a Challenge

Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 Assertion and Reason Questions - Economics

Direction: In the questions given below, there are two  statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason  (R). Read the statements and chose the correct  option:
Q1: Assertion: MGNREGA was launched in 2005.
Reason: It was launched to provide free and compulsory education to all
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct  explanation of A.  
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct  explanation of A  
(c) A is correct but R is wrong.  
(d) A is wrong but R is correct.
Ans: 
(c)

  • The assertion (A) is true. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was indeed launched in 2005 as a social security measure to guarantee the right to work and ensure livelihood security for rural households.
  • However, the reason (R) is incorrect. MGNREGA was not launched to provide free and compulsory education to all. Its primary objective is to provide employment opportunities and wage security to rural households.

Since both the assertion and the reason are true, but the reason is not the correct explanation of the assertion, the correct answer is (b).

Direction: In the questions given below, there are two  statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason  (R). Read the statements and chose the correct  option:
Q2: Assertion: An important feature of high poverty rates has been the huge income inequalities.
Reason: Land and other resources are unequally distributed among the different sections and groups of the society.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct  explanation of A.  
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct  explanation of A  
(c) A is correct but R is wrong.  
(d) A is wrong but R is correct.
Ans: 
(a)
Both the assertion (A) and the reason (R) are true. High poverty rates often correlate with income inequalities, where a small portion of the population holds a disproportionately large share of resources. Unequal distribution of land and resources contributes to poverty and income disparities.
Since both the assertion and the reason are true, and the reason explains the assertion, the correct answer is (a).

Direction: In the questions given below, there are two  statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason  (R). Read the statements and chose the correct  option:
Q3: Assertion : Poverty has declined substantially in China and Southeast Asian countries.
Reason: These nations have achieved a rapid economic growth and have invested in human resources.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct  explanation of A.  
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct  explanation of A  
(c) A is correct but R is wrong.  
(d) A is wrong but R is correct.
Ans:
(a)
Both the assertion (A) and the reason (R) are true. China and several Southeast Asian countries have experienced significant poverty reduction due to their economic growth and investment in human resources, such as education and healthcare.
Since both the assertion and the reason are true, and the reason explains the assertion, the correct answer is (a).

Direction: In the questions given below, there are two  statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason  (R). Read the statements and chose the correct  option:
Q4: Assertion: The proportion of people below poverty line is same for all social groups in India.
Reason: A common method to estimate poverty is poverty line.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct  explanation of A.  
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct  explanation of A  
(c) A is correct but R is wrong.  
(d) A is wrong but R is correct.
Ans:
(d)
The assertion (A) is incorrect. The proportion of people below the poverty line is not the same for all social groups in India. Different social groups may have different levels of poverty due to various factors such as socio-economic conditions, access to resources, and historical disadvantages.
The reason (R) is correct. The poverty line is indeed a common method used to estimate poverty. However, the assertion is incorrect, and since the reason alone is correct, the correct answer is (d).


Direction: In the questions given below, there are two  statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason  (R). Read the statements and chose the correct  option:
Q5: Assertion (A): Rural Employment Generation Programme was launched in 1999.
Reason (R): The aim of the programme is to create | employment opportunities in rural areas and small towns.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct  explanation of A.  
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct  explanation of A  
(c) A is correct but R is wrong.  
(d) A is wrong but R is correct.
Ans:
(d)

  • The assertion (A) is incorrect. The Rural Employment Generation Programme was not launched in 1999. The actual name of the program is the "Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Yojana" (PMRY), and it was launched in 1993, not 1999.
  • The reason (R) is correct. The aim of the PMRY was indeed to create employment opportunities in rural areas and small towns.

Since the assertion is incorrect and the reason is correct, the correct answer is (d).

Direction: In the questions given below, there are two  statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason  (R). Read the statements and chose the correct  option:
Q6: Assertion (A) ): One historical reason of poverty is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration.
Reason (R) The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts  and discouraged development of industries like textiles.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct  explanation of A.  
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct  explanation of A  
(c) A is correct but R is wrong.  
(d) A is wrong but R is correct.
Ans:
(a)
Both the assertion (A) and the reason (R) are true. The low level of economic development under British colonial administration did contribute to poverty in India. The colonial policies had detrimental effects on traditional industries and handicrafts, leading to economic exploitation and underdevelopment.
Since both the assertion and the reason are true, and the reason explains the assertion, the correct answer is (a).

The document Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 Assertion and Reason Questions - Economics is a part of the Class 9 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 9.
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