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Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

Q1: Fill in the blanks.

(i) The word "disease" stands for ________.

(ii) Diseases that do not pass from one person to another are called _________ diseases.

(iii) Germs that cause communicable diseases are also known as _______.

(iv) Diseases like chickenpox and measles spread through ________ contact.
Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

(v) Hygiene may be defined as practices that ensure cleanliness and _______.
Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

Q2: Match the column.

Match the communicable diseases with their respective disease-causing germs (pathogens).

Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

Q3: True or False.

(i) Non-communicable diseases can be passed from one person to another. (True/False)

(ii) Germs that cause communicable diseases cannot be seen through a microscope. (True/False)

(iii) Hygiene practices are essential to prevent communicable diseases. (True/False)

(iv) Vaccination helps our body acquire immunity against certain diseases. (True/False)

(v) Houseflies and cockroaches can carry disease-causing germs on their bodies. (True/False)

Q4: Choose the odd one out.

(i) Measles, Mumps, Tetanus, Chickenpox

(ii) Virus, Bacteria, Protozoa, Snake

(iii) Influenza, Tuberculosis, Cholera, Malaria

(iv) Hygiene, Vaccination, Medication, Quarantine

(v) Direct Mode, Indirect Mode, Vectors, Non-communicable

Q5: Arrange in the correct order.

Arrange the following steps in the correct order to prevent communicable diseases.
A.
Use a mosquito net or mosquito repellent at night.
B. Wash your hands before and after eating food and after going to the toilet with soap and water.
C. Wash fruits and vegetables well before cooking or eating them.
D. Drink clean water.
E. Do not allow heaps of garbage to collect near your home. Dustbins should be kept covered.

Q6: Define the following words.

(i) Non-communicable diseases

(ii) Hygiene

(iii) Vaccination

(iv) Communicable diseases

(v) Pathogens
Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

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FAQs on Food, Nutrition, Health and Diseases - 2 Class 5 Worksheet Science

1. What are the health benefits of a balanced diet?
Ans. A balanced diet provides several health benefits. It helps in maintaining a healthy weight, reducing the risk of chronic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. It provides essential nutrients like vitamins, minerals, proteins, and carbohydrates, which are necessary for overall growth and development. Additionally, a balanced diet promotes better digestion, boosts the immune system, and increases energy levels.
2. How does nutrition affect our overall health?
Ans. Nutrition plays a vital role in maintaining our overall health. It provides the body with essential nutrients that are required for growth, development, and proper functioning. A well-balanced and nutritious diet strengthens the immune system, improves brain function, supports healthy growth in children, and reduces the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancers.
3. What are the common diseases caused by poor nutrition?
Ans. Poor nutrition can lead to several diseases. Some common ones include obesity, malnutrition, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, anemia, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular diseases. A diet lacking in essential nutrients can weaken the immune system and make individuals more susceptible to infections and diseases.
4. How can we prevent nutritional deficiencies?
Ans. Preventing nutritional deficiencies can be achieved by following a well-balanced diet that includes a variety of food groups. It is important to consume fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and dairy products in appropriate portions. Additionally, taking vitamin and mineral supplements as advised by a healthcare professional can also help prevent deficiencies. Regular health check-ups and consultation with a registered dietitian can ensure that nutritional needs are met.
5. How does food affect our mental health?
Ans. Food has a significant impact on our mental health. Certain nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals are known to support brain function and improve mood. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help reduce the risk of mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety. On the other hand, consuming excessive amounts of processed and sugary foods may negatively affect mental health and increase the risk of mood disorders.
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