Short Notes: Statistics

# Statistics Class 10 Notes Maths Chapter 13

## Mean [Average]

Mean [Ungrouped Data] – Mean of n observations, x1, x2, x3 … xn, is

## Mean [Grouped Data]

The mean for grouped data can be found by the following three methods:

### 1. Direct Mean Method

Step 1: Classify the data into intervals and find the corresponding frequency of each class.

Step 2: Find the class mark by taking the midpoint of the upper and lower class limits.

Step 3: Tabulate the product of the class mark and its corresponding frequency for each class. Calculate their sum (∑xifi)).

Step 4: Divide the above sum by the sum of frequencies (∑fi) to get the mean.

The formula to find the mean using the direct method is:

Class Mark =

Note: Frequency of a class is centred at its mid-point called class mark.

### 2. Assumed Mean Method

Step 1: Classify the data into intervals and find the corresponding frequency of each class.

Step 2: Find the class mark by taking the midpoint of the upper and lower class limits.

Step 3: Take one of the xi’s (usually one in the middle) as the assumed mean and denote it by ′a′.

Step 4: Find the deviation of ′a′ from each of the x′is

di=xi−a

Step 5: Find the mean of the deviations

Step 6:  Calculate the mean as

…[where di = (xi – a)]

Question for Short Notes: Statistics
Try yourself:What is the formula to find the mean using the direct method for grouped data?

### 3. Step Deviation Method

Step 1: Classify the data into intervals and find the corresponding frequency of each class.

Step 2: Find the class mark by taking the midpoint of the upper and lower class limits.

Step 3: Take one of the x′is (usually one in the middle) as the assumed mean and denote it by ′a′.

Step 4: Find the deviation of a from each of the x′is

di=xi−a

Step 5: Divide all deviations −di by the class width (h) to get u′is.

Step 6: Find the mean of u′is

Step 7:  Calculate the mean as

….. [where , where h is a common divisor of di]

## Median

Median of a grouped set of data is calculated as:

where

‘l’ is the lower limit of the median class

‘n’ is the number of observations

‘cf’ is the class preceding the median class

‘f’ is the frequency of median class

‘h’ is the class size

Median class is the class which has the cf value nearer to 2/n

Question for Short Notes: Statistics
Try yourself:Which method is used to calculate the mean for grouped data by taking one of the xi's (usually one in the middle) as the assumed mean and finding the mean of the deviations?

## Mode

1. Ungrouped Data: The value of the observation having maximum frequency is the mode.
2.  Grouped Data:

…where[l = Lower limit of modal class; f1 = Frequency of modal class; f0 = Frequency of the class preceding the modal class; f2 = Frequency of the class succeeding the modal class; h = Size of class interval. c.f. = Cumulative frequency of preceding class; h = Class size]

Note: Mode = 3 Median – 2 Mean

The document Statistics Class 10 Notes Maths Chapter 13 is a part of the Class 10 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 10.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

## Mathematics (Maths) Class 10

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## Mathematics (Maths) Class 10

116 videos|420 docs|77 tests

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