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Laxmikanth MCQs: Fundamental Duties | Indian Polity for UPSC CSE PDF Download

Q1: Statement 1: The concept of Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution was influenced by the Constitution of the former USSR.
Statement 2: The Fundamental Duties were included in the Constitution of India through the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976.
Which of the following is correct?
(a) Both Statement 1 and Statement 2 are true
(b) Only Statement 1 is true
(c) Only Statement 2 is true
(d) Neither Statement 1 nor Statement 2 is true
Ans: 
(a)
The concept of Fundamental Duties was indeed influenced by the former USSR's constitution, and they were included in the Indian Constitution through the 42nd Amendment Act in 1976.

Q2: Statement 1: The Swaran Singh Committee proposed penalties for non-compliance with Fundamental Duties.
Statement 2: The 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act (1976) included all the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee.
(a) Only Statement 1 is true.
(b) Only Statement 2 is true.
(c) Both Statements 1 and 2 are true.
(d) Neither Statement 1 nor Statement 2 is true.
Ans: 
(a)
The 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act did not include all the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee. It omitted recommendations such as allowing Parliament to determine penalties and specifying the duty to pay taxes.

Q3: Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Swaran Singh Committee?
(a) Incorporating eight fundamental duties
(b) Allowing Parliament to impose penalties for non-compliance
(c) Specifying the duty to pay taxes as a Fundamental Duty
(d) Prevention of disrespect to the National Flag and National Anthem
Ans:
(d)
The Swaran Singh Committee did not specifically recommend preventing disrespect to the National Flag and National Anthem.

Q4: Statement 1: Fundamental Duties are justiciable, and courts can directly enforce them.
Statement 2: Fundamental Duties reflect values ingrained in Indian tradition, mythology, religions, and practices.
(a) Only Statement 1 is true.
(b) Only Statement 2 is true.
(c) Both Statements 1 and 2 are true.
(d) Neither Statement 1 nor Statement 2 is true.
Ans: 
(d)
Fundamental Duties are non-justiciable, and courts cannot directly enforce them. They reflect values ingrained in Indian tradition, but they are not legally enforceable through the judiciary.

Q5: Statement 1: Critics argue that placing Fundamental Duties in Part IVA diminishes their importance.
Statement 2: The Janata Government annulled the Fundamental Duties after coming to power.
(a) Only Statement 1 is true.
(b) Only Statement 2 is true.
(c) Both Statements 1 and 2 are true.
(d) Neither Statement 1 nor Statement 2 is true.
Ans:
(a)
The Janata Government did not annul the Fundamental Duties, indicating a consensus on their necessity, but critics argue that placing them in Part IVA diminishes their importance.

Q6: Statement 1: The Verma Committee was set up in 1999 to observe the implementation of Fundamental Duties.
Statement 2: The Verma Committee highlighted that there were no legal provisions for implementing any of the Fundamental Duties.
Which of the following is correct?
(a) Both Statement 1 and Statement 2 are true
(b) Only Statement 1 is true
(c) Only Statement 2 is true
(d) Neither Statement 1 nor Statement 2 is true
Ans: 
(b)  
The Verma Committee was indeed set up in 1999, but it identified several legal provisions for implementing some Fundamental Duties.

Q7: Statement 1: The 86th Constitutional Amendment Act (2002) added one more Fundamental Duty related to education.
Statement 2: Fundamental Duties are enforceable by law, and Parliament can impose penalties for non-compliance.
(a) Only Statement 1 is true.
(b) Only Statement 2 is true.
(c) Both Statements 1 and 2 are true.
(d) Neither Statement 1 nor Statement 2 is true.
Ans: 
(c)
The 86th Constitutional Amendment Act added one more Fundamental Duty related to education, and Fundamental Duties are enforceable by law, allowing Parliament to impose penalties for non-compliance.

Q8: Statement 1: The Verma Committee on Fundamental Duties emphasized legal provisions for implementing some Fundamental Duties.
Statement 2: The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act (1971) addresses offences related to caste and religion.
(a) Only Statement 1 is true.
(b) Only Statement 2 is true.
(c) Both Statements 1 and 2 are true.
(d) Neither Statement 1 nor Statement 2 is true.
Ans: 
(c)
The Verma Committee highlighted legal provisions for implementing some Fundamental Duties, and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act (1971) indeed addresses offences related to caste and religion.

Q9: Which Fundamental Duty in the Indian Constitution was inspired by socialist countries' emphasis on balancing rights with duties?
(a) Protecting and improving the natural environment
(b) Upholding the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India
(c) Developing a scientific temper and spirit of inquiry
(d) Valuing and preserving the rich heritage of the country's composite culture
Ans:
(b)
This duty reflects the socialist ideology of balancing citizens' rights with their duties towards the nation's unity and integrity.

Q10: Statement 1: Fundamental Duties were added to the Indian Constitution to balance the rights of the citizens with their responsibilities.
Statement 2: The Fundamental Duties are placed in Part III of the Constitution, just after the Fundamental Rights.
Which of the following is correct?
(a) Both Statement 1 and Statement 2 are true
(b) Only Statement 1 is true
(c) Only Statement 2 is true
(d) Neither Statement 1 nor Statement 2 is true
Ans:
(b)
Fundamental Duties were indeed added to balance rights with responsibilities, but they are placed in Part IVA, not in Part III.

Q11: Statement 1: The 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, which introduced Fundamental Duties, was passed during the internal emergency in India (1975-1977).
Statement 2: The Congress Government, led by Indira Gandhi, was responsible for the introduction of Fundamental Duties.
Which of the following is correct?
(a) Both Statement 1 and Statement 2 are true
(b) Only Statement 1 is true
(c) Only Statement 2 is true
(d) Neither Statement 1 nor Statement 2 is true
Ans:
(a)
The 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, which added Fundamental Duties to the Indian Constitution, was indeed enacted during the internal emergency period under the Congress Government led by Indira Gandhi.

Q12: The concept of Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution primarily reflects:
(a) Western democratic ideals
(b) Indian tradition, mythology, and practices
(c) Modern technological advancements
(d) Global environmental concerns
Ans:
(b)
The Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution encapsulate the ethos and values deeply rooted in Indian tradition, mythology, and cultural practices. These duties are intended to reflect and preserve the rich cultural heritage of India.

Q13: Which committee's recommendations were partially included in the 42nd Amendment Act for introducing Fundamental Duties?
(a) The Verma Committee
(b) The Swaran Singh Committee
(c) The Sarkaria Commission
(d) The Kelkar Committee
Ans: 
(b)
The recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee were partially adopted in the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976, which introduced Fundamental Duties into the Indian Constitution. The Committee had recommended incorporating fundamental duties to make citizens aware of their responsibilities.

Q14: Assertion (A): Fundamental Duties were added to the Indian Constitution to remind citizens of their responsibilities towards the nation.
Reason (R): The addition of Fundamental Duties was influenced by constitutions of socialist countries, where rights and duties are considered inseparable.
(a) Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A
(b) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is true, but R is false
(d) A is false, but R is true
Ans: 
(a)
The inclusion of Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution was indeed to remind citizens of their responsibilities. This concept was influenced by socialist countries where the exercise of rights is considered inseparable from the fulfillment of duties.

Q15: The Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution are:
(a) Justiciable and enforceable by law
(b) Non-justiciable but enforceable by law
(c) Justiciable but not enforceable by law
(d) Non-justiciable and not directly enforceable by law
Ans:
(d)
Fundamental Duties are non-justiciable, meaning they cannot be enforced by the courts, and there are no legal sanctions for their violation. However, the Parliament has the authority to enforce them through legislation.

Q16: Fundamental Duties apply to:
(a) All persons residing in India
(b) Only Indian citizens
(c) Only Indian citizens and persons of Indian origin
(d) All persons, whether citizens or foreigners
Ans:
(b)
Fundamental Duties, as outlined in the Indian Constitution, are specific to Indian citizens and do not extend to foreigners.

Q17: Which of the following Fundamental Duties was added to the Indian Constitution by the 86th Amendment Act, 2002?
(a) To develop scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry
(b) To provide opportunities for education to children aged six to fourteen
(c) To cherish and follow the noble ideals of the national struggle for freedom
(d) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood
Ans:
(b)
The 86th Amendment Act, 2002, added a new Fundamental Duty which mandates that it is the duty of every citizen of India to provide opportunities for education to children aged six to fourteen years.

Q18: The Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution were included in which part and through which amendment?
(a) Part IV, 42nd Amendment
(b) Part IVA, 42nd Amendment
(c) Part III, 44th Amendment
(d) Part IVA, 44th Amendment
Ans:
(b)
The Fundamental Duties were included in the Indian Constitution in Part IVA through the 42nd Amendment Act of 1976.

Q19: Which of the following is not a criticism of the Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution?
(a) They are too vague and ambiguous
(b) They undermine the importance of Fundamental Rights
(c) They omit significant responsibilities like voting and tax payment
(d) They are non-justiciable and lack legal enforceability
Ans:
(b)
The criticism of Fundamental Duties generally revolves around their vagueness, the omission of important duties, and their non-justiciable nature. There is no widespread criticism that they undermine the importance of Fundamental Rights.

Q20: The introduction of Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution reflects:
(a) A shift towards a totalitarian regime
(b) A balance between rights and responsibilities of citizens
(c) A disregard for individual freedoms
(d) An emphasis on state control over citizens
Ans:
(b)
The inclusion of Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution was intended to balance the rights granted to citizens with a sense of their responsibilities towards the nation and society. This reflects a democratic ethos rather than an authoritarian approach.

The document Laxmikanth MCQs: Fundamental Duties | Indian Polity for UPSC CSE is a part of the UPSC Course Indian Polity for UPSC CSE.
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FAQs on Laxmikanth MCQs: Fundamental Duties - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What are fundamental duties in India?
Ans. Fundamental duties in India are a set of moral obligations that every citizen is expected to fulfill towards the nation. These duties, enshrined in Part IV-A of the Indian Constitution under Article 51A, aim to promote a sense of discipline, patriotism, and respect for the country's heritage and values.
2. Are fundamental duties enforceable by law?
Ans. No, fundamental duties in India are not enforceable by law. Unlike fundamental rights, which can be protected and enforced through legal means, fundamental duties are non-justiciable, meaning there are no legal consequences for not fulfilling them. However, they serve as guiding principles for citizens to contribute to the overall well-being of the nation.
3. What are the consequences of not fulfilling fundamental duties?
Ans. There are no direct legal consequences for not fulfilling fundamental duties in India. However, the failure to fulfill these duties may lead to moral and societal consequences. Citizens who neglect their fundamental duties may be seen as indifferent towards the nation's progress or may contribute to social problems. It is important to remember that fulfilling these duties is essential for the overall development and welfare of the country.
4. Can fundamental duties be amended or changed?
Ans. Yes, fundamental duties can be amended or changed through constitutional amendments. However, any amendment to the fundamental duties requires approval from both houses of Parliament and ratification by the legislatures of at least half of the Indian states. Amendments to these duties aim to ensure their relevance in a changing socio-political landscape and align them with the evolving needs of the nation.
5. Are fundamental duties applicable to only Indian citizens?
Ans. Yes, fundamental duties in India are applicable only to Indian citizens. These duties emphasize the responsibilities of citizens towards the nation and are not binding on non-citizens. However, it is important to note that while fundamental duties are specific to Indian citizens, the spirit of fulfilling duties towards one's country is a universal concept that exists in various forms across the world.
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