JEE Advanced Previous Year Questions (2018 - 2023): Sets, Relations and Functions

# JEE Advanced Previous Year Questions (2018 - 2023): Sets, Relations and Functions | Mathematics (Maths) for JEE Main & Advanced PDF Download

## 2023

Q1: Let S = (0, 1) ∪ (1, 2) ∪ (3, 4) and T = {0, 1, 2, 3}. Then which of the following statements is(are) true?
(a) There are infinitely many functions from S to T
(b) There are infinitely many strictly increasing functions from S to T
(c) The number of continuous functions from S to T is at most 120
(d) Every continuous function from S to T is differentiable      [JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 1]
Ans:
(a), (c) & (d)
S = (0, 1) ∪ (1, 2) ∪ (3, 4) and T = {0, 1, 2, 3}

Let domain and co-domain of a function y = f(x) are S and T respectively.
(A) There are infinitely many elements in domain and four elements in co-domain.
There are infinitely many functions from S to T.
Option (A) is correct
(B) If number of elements in domain is greater than number of elements in co-domain, then number of strictly increasing function is zero.
Option (B) is incorrect
(C) Maximum number of continuous functions = 4 × 4 × 4 = 64
(Every subset (0, 1),(1, 2),(3, 4) has four choices)
∵ 64<120⇒ option (C) is correct.
(D) For every point at which f(x) is continuous, f(x) = 0
Every continuous function from S to T is differentiable.
Option (D) is correct.

Q2: Let f : [0, 1] → [0, 1] be the function defined by . Consider the square region S = [0, 1] × [0, 1]. Let  be called the green region and  be called the red region. Let  be the horizontal line drawn at a height ℎ ∈ [0, 1]. Then which of the following statements is(are) true?
(a) There exists an ℎ ∈ [1/4, 2/3] such that the area of the green region above the line L equals the area of the green region below the line L
(b) There exists an ℎ ∈ [1/4, 2/3] such that the area of the red region above the line L equals the area of the red region below the line L
(c) There exists an ℎ ∈ [1/4, 2/3] such that the area of the green region above the line L equals the area of the red region below the line L
(d) There exists an ℎ ∈ [1/4, 2/3] such that the area of the red region above the line L equals the area of the green region below the line                   [JEE Advanced 2023 Paper 1]
Ans:
(b), (c) & (d)
Given,

option (A) is incorrect

option (B) is correct.

⇒ h= 1/2 ⇒ option (C) is correct.
(D) ∵ Option (C) is correct ⇒ option (D) is also correct.

## 2022

Q1: Let |M| denote the determinant of a square matrix M. Let  be the function defined by

where

Let p(x) be a quadratic polynomial whose roots are the maximum and minimum values of the function g(θ), and p(2)  =2 − √2. Then, which of the following is/are TRUE ?
(a)

(b)
(c)
(d)             [JEE Advanced 2022 Paper 1]Ans: (a) & (c)
Given,

Here,

and

and

Also,

(skew symmetric)

For option (A)  Correct.
For option (B)  Incorrect.
For option (C)  Correct.
For option (D)  Incorrect.

## 2020

Q1: Let the function f : [0, 1]  R be defined by               [JEE Advanced 2020 Paper 2]

Then the value of  is ..........
Ans:
19
The given function f : [0, 1]  R be define by

So, f(x) + f(1 − x) = 1 .....(i)

=

=  (19 times) {from Eq. (i)}
= 19.

Q2: Let the function be defined by Suppose the function f has a local minimum at θ precisely when , where . Then the value of  is .............     [JEE Advanced 2020 Paper 2]
Ans:
0.5
The given function f : R → R be defined by

The local minimum of function 'f' occurs when

but

Where,

So,  = 0.50

Q3: Let f : [0, 2]  R be the function defined by

If  are such that then the value of β - α is ..........     [JEE Advanced 2020 Paper 1]
Ans:
1
The given function f : [0, 2] → R defined by

As, so,

Therefore the value of (β - α) = 1

Q3: For a polynomial g(x) with real coefficients, let mg denote the number of distinct real roots of g(x). Suppose S is the set of polynomials with real coefficients defined by
For a polynomial f, let f' and f'' denote its first and second order derivatives, respectively. Then the minimum possible value of (mf' + mf''), where f  S, is ..............     [JEE Advanced 2020 Paper 1]
Ans:
5
Given set S of polynomials with real coefficients

and for a polynomial f ∈ S, Let

it have 1 and 1 as repeated roots twice, so graph of f(x) touches the X-axis at x = 1 and x = 1, so f'(x) having at least three roots x = 1, 1 and α. Where α ∈ (1, 1) and f''(x) having at least two roots in interval (1, 1)
So, mf' = 3 and mf'' = 2
Minimum possible value of (mf' + mf'') = 5

Q4: If the function f : R → R is defined by f(x) = |x| (x − sin x), then which of the following statements is TRUE?
(a) f is one-one, but NOT onto
(b) f is onto, but NOT one-one
(c) f is BOTH one-one and onto
(d) f is NEITHER one-one NOR onto             [JEE Advanced 2020 Paper 1]
Ans:
(c)
The given function f : R → R is

The function 'f' is a odd and continuous function and as , so range is R, therefore, 'f' is a onto function.

f is strictly increasing function. ∀x ∈(0, ∞).
Similarly, for x < 0, x + sin x > 0 and ( x) (1  cos x) > 0, therefore, f′(x)> 0∀ x ∈(−∞, 0)
f is strictly increasing function, ∀x ∈ (0, )
Therefore 'f' is a strictly increasing function for x R and it implies that f is one-one function.

## 2018

Q1: Let X be a set with exactly 5 elements and Y be a set with exactly 7 elements. If α is the number of one-one functions from X to Y and β is the number of onto functions from Y to X, then the value of 1 / 5!(β − α) is ..................                  [JEE Advanced 2018 Paper 2]
Ans:
119
Given, X has exactly 5 elements and Y has exactly 7 elements.
n(X) = 5
and n(Y) = 7
Now, number of one-one functions from X to Y is
Number of onto functions from Y to X is  β

1, 1, 1, 1, 3 or 1, 1, 1, 2, 2

= 4 x 35 - 21= 140 - 21
= 119

Q2: Let  and (Here, the inverse trigonometric function sin−1 x assumes values in [−π/2, π/2].).
Let f : E1  R be the function defined by  and g : E2  R be the function defined by  .      [JEE Advanced 2018 Paper 2]

The correct option is :
(a) P → 4; Q → 2; R → 1 ; S → 1
(b) P → 3; Q → 3; R → 6 ; S → 5
(c) P → 4; Q → 2; R → 1 ; S → 6
(d) P → 4; Q → 3; R → 6 ; S → 5                  [JEE Advanced 2018 Paper 2]
Ans:
(a)
We have,

and

So,

The domain of f and g are
and Range of

Range of f is R  {0} or (−∞, 0)  (0, )
Range of g is
Now, P  4, Q  2, R  1, S  1
Hence, option (a) is correct answer.

The document JEE Advanced Previous Year Questions (2018 - 2023): Sets, Relations and Functions | Mathematics (Maths) for JEE Main & Advanced is a part of the JEE Course Mathematics (Maths) for JEE Main & Advanced.
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## Mathematics (Maths) for JEE Main & Advanced

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## Mathematics (Maths) for JEE Main & Advanced

209 videos|443 docs|143 tests

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