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Article 14 As an Ingredient of Principles of Natural Justice | Important Acts and Laws for Judiciary Exams PDF Download

Principles of Natural Justice

The principles of natural justice are fundamental in administrative law, ensuring fairness and preventing miscarriage of justice.

Key Principles

  • Nemo debet esse judex in propria causa
  • Audi alteram partem

Principles of Natural Justice and Constitution of India

Article 14 of the Indian Constitution guarantees equality before the law and equal protection of the law, prohibiting arbitrary and discriminatory actions.
Relationship with Principles of Natural Justice:

  • Maneka Gandhi v. UOI: Article 14 ensures the application of natural justice principles, requiring a fair hearing before depriving someone of their rights.
  • Delhi Transport Union v. DTC Mazdoor Union: The audi alteram partem rule enforces equality under Article 14, applying to administrative orders affecting individuals.
  • Central Inland Water Transport Corporation Ltd v. Brojo Nath: Arbitrary actions violating natural justice principles are unconstitutional under Article 14.
  • Cantonment Board, Dinapore v. Taramani: The principle of audi alteram partem is a part of Article 14, ensuring fair treatment and preventing prejudicial actions.

Question for Article 14 As an Ingredient of Principles of Natural Justice
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Which principle of natural justice ensures fairness and prevents prejudicial actions?
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Conclusion

The principles of natural justice, though not explicitly defined by legislation, are deeply ingrained in the Indian judicial system. Article 14 plays a vital role in upholding fairness and equality, making natural justice an integral part of the constitutional guarantee of equality.

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FAQs on Article 14 As an Ingredient of Principles of Natural Justice - Important Acts and Laws for Judiciary Exams

1. What are the principles of natural justice in judiciary exams?
Ans. The principles of natural justice in judiciary exams include the right to a fair hearing, impartiality of the decision-maker, and the right to be heard.
2. Why is Article 14 considered an essential ingredient of the principles of natural justice in judiciary exams?
Ans. Article 14 of the Constitution of India ensures equality before the law and equal protection of the laws, which are crucial aspects of natural justice in judiciary exams.
3. How does Article 14 impact the decision-making process in judiciary exams?
Ans. Article 14 ensures that the decision-making process in judiciary exams is fair, impartial, and free from any discrimination, thus upholding the principles of natural justice.
4. Can a violation of Article 14 lead to legal repercussions in judiciary exams?
Ans. Yes, a violation of Article 14 in judiciary exams can lead to legal challenges and the possibility of decisions being overturned if they are found to be discriminatory or unfair.
5. How can candidates ensure that their rights under Article 14 are protected during judiciary exams?
Ans. Candidates can ensure that their rights under Article 14 are protected during judiciary exams by raising any concerns about unfair treatment or discrimination and seeking legal recourse if necessary.
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