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Hardware & Software | Cyber Olympiad for Class 3 PDF Download

Hardware

  • Hardware is like the body of the computer. It's all the physical stuff we can touch and see.
  • Examples of hardware include the monitor, keyboard, mouse, and the big box where everything goes inside (CPU).
Types of Hardware
  • Input Devices: These are things we use to give commands to the computer, like the keyboard and mouse.
  • Output Devices: These are things that show us the results of what the computer does, like the monitor or printer.
  • Central Processing Unit (CPU): This is like the brain of the computer. It does all the thinking and calculations.
  • Memory (RAM): This is like the computer's short-term memory. It helps the computer remember things quickly.

Software

  • Software is like the instructions that tell the computer what to do. It's not something we can touch—it's a set of programs and codes that make the computer work.
  • Examples of software include games, word processors, internet browsers, and even the operating system that runs the computer.
Types of Software
  • Operating System: This is like the boss of the computer. It controls everything and helps other programs run smoothly.
  • Applications (Apps): These are programs that we use to do different tasks, like playing games, writing stories, or making drawings.
  • Utility Software: These are programs that help us manage and maintain our computers, like antivirus programs or disk cleanup tools.

How Hardware and Software Work Together

  • Hardware needs software to do anything useful. It's like having a car (hardware) without a driver (software)—it won't go anywhere!
  • Software tells the hardware what to do. For example, when we click on a game icon, the software tells the CPU to start the game and the monitor to show it to us.
The document Hardware & Software | Cyber Olympiad for Class 3 is a part of the Class 3 Course Cyber Olympiad for Class 3.
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FAQs on Hardware & Software - Cyber Olympiad for Class 3

1. What is the difference between hardware and software?
Ans. Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer system, such as the monitor, keyboard, and motherboard, while software refers to the programs and applications that run on the hardware.
2. Can hardware function without software?
Ans. No, hardware cannot function without software. Software provides instructions for the hardware to perform specific tasks and operations.
3. How does hardware and software work together in a computer system?
Ans. Hardware provides the physical platform for software to run on, while software utilizes the hardware components to execute tasks and processes.
4. What are some examples of hardware components in a computer system?
Ans. Examples of hardware components include the central processing unit (CPU), random access memory (RAM), hard drive, graphics card, and monitor.
5. What are some examples of software programs used on a computer system?
Ans. Examples of software programs include operating systems like Windows and macOS, as well as applications like Microsoft Office and Adobe Photoshop.
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