Table of contents  
Introduction  
Understanding Multiplication  
Understanding Division  
Learing with Story:  
Ways of Grouping  
Number Line Hopscotch  
Writing Tables  
Word Problems 
Imagine you have a basket full of colorful marbles. You want to know how many marbles are in the basket, right? Let's count them together. As you count, you notice that there are 4 rows of marbles, and each row has 5 marbles. So, you count each row one by one:
(i) 5 marbles in the first row,
(ii) 5 marbles in the second row,
(iii) 5 marbles in the third row, and
(iv) 5 marbles in the fourth row.
Now, instead of counting each row separately, you can use multiplication to find the total number of marbles i.e. we can simply say 5 times 4, or you multiply the number of rows (4) by the number of marbles in each row (5). That's 4×5, which equals 20.
So, there are 20 marbles in the basket!
Division is a way of sharing things equally among a certain number of people.
This is how division helps us distribute items fairly and equally among a certain number of people, ensuring everyone gets their fair share.
Once upon a time, in a cozy little house, there lived a girl named Sara. Sara loved her four cousins: Alex, Ben, Clara, and David. One sunny afternoon, their grandma gave Sara a bag of 12 toffees to share equally with her cousins. Sara wanted to make sure each cousin got the same number of toffees, so she needed to figure out how to do this.
Sara decided to use a method she learned in school called "division." Division helps us find out how to split something into equal parts. Here's how Sara did it:
Sara realized she needed to divide the total number of toffees (12) by the number of cousins (4). She remembered the division symbol (÷) and set up her problem:
$12\xf74=?$
To figure this out, Sara thought about it like this: if she gives 1 toffee to each cousin, she would have given out 4 toffees in total (because there are 4 cousins). She kept giving each cousin 1 toffee until all the toffees were gone.
Here's how she did it stepbystep:
Sara saw that each cousin received 3 toffees. She checked her work: 3 toffees per cousin times 4 cousins equals 12 toffees.
So, the division was correct:
$12\xf74=312\; \backslash div\; 4\; =\; 3$
Sara was happy that each of her cousins got an equal share of toffees, and they all enjoyed their sweet treat together. By using division, Sara ensured that everyone was treated fairly and equally.
Let's talk about a fun way to count things! Imagine you have a bunch of your favorite candies. How would you count them? There are many ways, and we'll explore some exciting methods together!
This shows us that we can count things by grouping them in different ways, but the total remains the same! It makes counting even more fun!
Once upon a time, Maya, and their mother found a cool game called "Number Line Hopscotch." Maya jumped 3 steps each time on a curved number track.
As they played, they noticed something amazing! Maya's jumps went 0, 3, 6, 9.
They realized that by adding the same number, they could guess the next jump. Let's consider Maya's jumps
1 jump → 3
2 jumps → 3 + 3 = 6 = 2 x 3
3 jumps → 3 + 3 + 3 = 9 = 3 x 3
4 jumps → 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12 = 4 x 3, and so on.
Now, they learned that math is like an exciting adventure with hidden patterns. Each jump was like solving a fun puzzle! So, they hopped and laughed, discovering the wonders of numbers. Math wasn't just numbers; it was a fantastic journey of discovery!
In the Fun Way of Writing Tables game, a little boy Aryan and his friends found a cool way to learn their times tables using sticks. They made a grid with sticks and counted where they crossed to figure out the answers.
Here's how they did it:
By playing this game, Aryan and his friends had fun while learning about multiplication tables and discovering new patterns in numbers. Math became an exciting adventure for them!
1. There are 5 fruits in each basket. If there are 9 baskets filled with fruits, how many fruits are there in total?Sol: No. of fruits in one basket = 5
No. of baskets = 9
Total fruits = Fruits per basket × Number of baskets
= 5 × 9
= 45
Hence, there are 45 fruits in total.
6 videos68 docs18 tests

1. How can understanding multiplication and division help in solving word problems related to Raksha Bandhan? 
2. How can the concept of grouping be used to solve problems related to Raksha Bandhan celebrations? 
3. How can writing tables help in keeping track of expenses for Raksha Bandhan celebrations? 
4. How can the number line hopscotch activity be used to teach multiplication and division concepts to children during Raksha Bandhan? 
5. How can word problems related to Raksha Bandhan be solved using the understanding of multiplication and division? 

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