Chapter Notes: Raksha Bandhan

Raksha Bandhan Chapter Notes | Mathematics for Class 3 (Maths Mela) PDF Download

 Table of contents Introduction Understanding Multiplication Understanding Division Learing with Story: Ways of Grouping Number Line Hopscotch Writing Tables Word Problems

Introduction

Imagine counting colorful beads or sharing yummy treats with friends – it's so much fun! Get ready for a fun time learning and celebrating as you explore the amazing world of numbers! Just like solving a puzzle, understanding multiplication, division, and counting helps you learn new things.

Understanding Multiplication

Imagine you have a basket full of colorful marbles. You want to know how many marbles are in the basket, right? Let's count them together. As you count, you notice that there are 4 rows of marbles, and each row has 5 marbles. So, you count each row one by one:
(i) 5 marbles in the first row,
(ii) 5 marbles in the second row,
(iii) 5 marbles in the third row, and
(iv) 5 marbles in the fourth row.

Now, instead of counting each row separately, you can use multiplication to find the total number of marbles i.e. we can simply say 5 times 4, or you multiply the number of rows (4) by the number of marbles in each row (5). That's 4×5, which equals 20.

So, there are 20 marbles in the basket!

Understanding Division

Division is a way of sharing things equally among a certain number of people.

• Imagine you have a big box of delicious kaju katlis, and you want to share them equally with your friends.
• Let's say you have 20 kaju katlis in total and 5 friends to share them with.
• Instead of distributing one by one, we can use division to find out how many kaju katlis each friend gets.
• We start with the total number of kaju katlis, which is 20, and then divide it by the number of friends, which is 5 i.e. 20÷5 = 4
• This division process is like repeated subtraction. We subtract 5 kaju katlis at a time until we can't subtract anymore.
After the first subtraction, we have 15 kaju katlis left: 20−5=15.
Then, another 5 kaju katlis are subtracted, leaving 10 kaju katlis: 15−5=10.
• This process continues until we subtract the last 5 kaju katlis, leaving 0 kaju katlis as shown in the picture below:-
• Each time we subtract 5 kaju katlis, we add one count to represent one person's share. So, in total,  20 equally shared by 5 is 4 each. Each friend gets 4 kaju katlis.

This is how division helps us distribute items fairly and equally among a certain number of people, ensuring everyone gets their fair share.

Learing with Story:

Once upon a time, in a cozy little house, there lived a girl named Sara. Sara loved her four cousins: Alex, Ben, Clara, and David. One sunny afternoon, their grandma gave Sara a bag of 12 toffees to share equally with her cousins. Sara wanted to make sure each cousin got the same number of toffees, so she needed to figure out how to do this.

Sara decided to use a method she learned in school called "division." Division helps us find out how to split something into equal parts. Here's how Sara did it:

1. Count the Total Number of Toffees: Sara counted the toffees in the bag and found there were 12 toffees.
2. Count the Number of Cousins: Sara counted her cousins: Alex, Ben, Clara, and David. There were 4 cousins.

Sara realized she needed to divide the total number of toffees (12) by the number of cousins (4). She remembered the division symbol (÷) and set up her problem:

$12÷4=?$

To figure this out, Sara thought about it like this: if she gives 1 toffee to each cousin, she would have given out 4 toffees in total (because there are 4 cousins). She kept giving each cousin 1 toffee until all the toffees were gone.

Here's how she did it step-by-step:

1. She gave 1 toffee to each cousin, so 4 toffees were given out (12 - 4 = 8).
2. She gave another 1 toffee to each cousin, so another 4 toffees were given out (8 - 4 = 4).
3. She gave 1 more toffee to each cousin, giving out the remaining 4 toffees (4 - 4 = 0).

Sara saw that each cousin received 3 toffees. She checked her work: 3 toffees per cousin times 4 cousins equals 12 toffees.

So, the division was correct:

$12÷4=312 \div 4 = 3$

Sara was happy that each of her cousins got an equal share of toffees, and they all enjoyed their sweet treat together. By using division, Sara ensured that everyone was treated fairly and equally.

Ways of Grouping

Let's talk about a fun way to count things! Imagine you have a bunch of your favorite candies. How would you count them? There are many ways, and we'll explore some exciting methods together!

• Think about your candies . You can put them in groups to count them easily.
For example, let's say you have 12 toys. You can make 3 groups with 4 candies in each group. So, you have 3 groups of 4 candies each. That's one way to count them!
• Now, let's try another way. Instead of 3 groups, let's make 4 groups, each with 3 candies. So, now you have 4 groups of 3 candies each. That's another way to count them!
• Whether you make 3 groups of 4 candies or 4 groups of 3 candies, you still have the same total number of candies, which is 12.

This shows us that we can count things by grouping them in different ways, but the total remains the same! It makes counting even more fun!

Number Line Hopscotch

Once upon a time,  Maya, and their mother found a cool game called "Number Line Hopscotch." Maya jumped steps each time on a curved number track.

As they played, they noticed something amazing! Maya's jumps went 0, 3, 6, 9.

They realized that by adding the same number, they could guess the next jump. Let's consider Maya's jumps
1     jump     →     3
2     jumps     →     3 + 3 = 6 = 2 x 3
3     jumps     →     3 + 3 + 3 = 9 = 3 x 3
4     jumps     →     3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12 = 4 x 3, and so on.

Now, they learned that math is like an exciting adventure with hidden patterns. Each jump was like solving a fun puzzle! So, they hopped and laughed, discovering the wonders of numbers. Math wasn't just numbers; it was a fantastic journey of discovery!

Writing Tables

In the Fun Way of Writing Tables game, a little boy Aryan and his friends found a cool way to learn their times tables using sticks. They made a grid with sticks and counted where they crossed to figure out the answers.

Here's how they did it:

• Aryan lined up sticks in rows and columns to make a big square grid.
• Then, he counted where the sticks crossed to find the answer to different multiplication questions.
For example, to find out what 5 times 3 is, she counted where the row labeled "3" and the column labeled "5" crossed.
• He noticed a pattern in the answers, like how the last numbers repeated in some of them. This helped her understand how numbers work together.
• Following the same pattern, they discovered some other tables as well,which are shown below:
• Aryan and his friends also saw something cool when they looked at the tables for 2, 3, and 5. They noticed that some numbers had a special connection with others. This made them curious, and they wanted to explore more!
• As you can see, when we multiply 1 with 2, we get 2; when we multiply 1 with 3, we get 3 and when we multiply 1 with 5, we get 5.
• So, we can say that any number multiplied to 1 results in the same number.

By playing this game, Aryan and his friends had fun while learning about multiplication tables and discovering new patterns in numbers. Math became an exciting adventure for them!

Word Problems

1. There are 5 fruits in each basket. If there are 9 baskets filled with fruits, how many fruits are there in total?Sol: No. of fruits in one basket = 5
= 5 × 9
= 45
Hence, there are 45 fruits in total.

The document Raksha Bandhan Chapter Notes | Mathematics for Class 3 (Maths Mela) is a part of the Class 3 Course Mathematics for Class 3 (Maths Mela).
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Mathematics for Class 3 (Maths Mela)

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FAQs on Raksha Bandhan Chapter Notes - Mathematics for Class 3 (Maths Mela)

 1. How can understanding multiplication and division help in solving word problems related to Raksha Bandhan?
Ans. Understanding multiplication and division can help in solving word problems related to Raksha Bandhan by allowing us to calculate quantities of items like sweets, gifts, or money that need to be shared among siblings or family members. It helps in determining how many items each person will receive or how much each person needs to contribute.
 2. How can the concept of grouping be used to solve problems related to Raksha Bandhan celebrations?
Ans. Grouping can be used to organize items like rakhi threads, gifts, or sweets into equal groups for distribution among siblings or family members during Raksha Bandhan celebrations. This concept helps in ensuring that each person receives an equal share.
 3. How can writing tables help in keeping track of expenses for Raksha Bandhan celebrations?
Ans. Writing tables can help in keeping track of expenses for Raksha Bandhan celebrations by listing down the cost of items like rakhis, gifts, sweets, and decorations. This can assist in budgeting and ensuring that expenses are managed effectively.
 4. How can the number line hopscotch activity be used to teach multiplication and division concepts to children during Raksha Bandhan?
Ans. The number line hopscotch activity can be used to teach multiplication and division concepts by having children hop on the number line to skip count or divide numbers. This interactive activity makes learning math more engaging and fun for children while helping them understand the concepts better.
 5. How can word problems related to Raksha Bandhan be solved using the understanding of multiplication and division?
Ans. Word problems related to Raksha Bandhan can be solved using the understanding of multiplication and division by breaking down the problem into smaller parts and using multiplication to find total quantities or division to distribute items equally among individuals. This mathematical skill helps in solving real-life scenarios involving sharing, dividing, or calculating quantities during Raksha Bandhan celebrations.

Mathematics for Class 3 (Maths Mela)

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