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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time

Q1. Classify the following as motion along a straight line, circular or oscillatory motion:
(i) Motion of your hands while running.
(ii) Motion of a horse pulling a cart on a straight road.
(iii) Motion of a child in a merry-go-round.
(iv) Motion of a child on a see-saw.
(v) Motion of the hammer of an electric bell.
(vi) Motion of a train on a straight bridge.
Ans: 
(i) Periodic motion or Oscillatory motion
(ii) Along a straight line (Linear motion)
(iii) Circular motion
(iv) Periodic motion or oscillatory motion
(v) Periodic motion or oscillatory motion
(vi) Linear motion


Q2. Which of the following are not correct?
(i) The basic unit of time is second.
(ii) Every object moves with a constant speed.
(iii) Distances between two cities are measured in kilometres.
(iv) The time period of a given pendulum is not constant.
(v) The speed of a train is expressed in m/h.
Ans: (ii), (iv) and (v)


Q3. A simple pendulum takes 32 s to complete 20 oscillations. What is the time period of the pendulum?
Ans: Given, Number of oscillation = 20
Time taken = 32 second
We know that,
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time


Q4. The distance between two stations is 240 km. A train takes 4 hours to cover this distance. Calculate the speed of the train.
Ans: Given, distance = 240 km
Time taken = 4 hour
We know that,
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time


Q5. The odometer of a car reads 57321.0 km when the clock shows the time 08:30 AM. What is the distance moved by the car, if at 08:50 AM, the odometer reading has changed to 57336.0 km? Calculate the speed of the car in km/min during this time. Express the speed in km/h also.
Ans: Given,
Initial reading of odometer = 57321.0 km
Final reading of odometer = 57336.0 km
Initial time = 08:30 AM
Final time = 08:50 AM
Thus,
Distance covered = Final reading of odometer – Initial reading of odometer
= 57336.0 km – 57321.0 km = 15 km
Total time taken = Final time – Initial time = 08:50 AM – 08:30 AM = 20 minute

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time

So, speed = 0.75 km/minute or 45km/hour


Q6. Salma takes 15 minutes from her house to reach her school on a bicycle. If the bicycle has a speed of 2 m/s, calculate the distance between her house and the school.
Ans: Given,
Speed of the bicycle= 2 m/s
Time taken by Salma to reach school from her house = 15 minutes = 15 × 60 s = 900 s
We know that speed = distance / time
Hence Distance = Speed × time
= 2 m/s × 900 sec
= 1800 m
=1.8 km
Distance between Salma's house and school =1.8 km


Q7. Show the shape of the distance-time graph for the motion in the following cases:
(i) A car moving with a constant speed.
(ii) A car parked on a side road.
Ans: (i)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time(ii)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time


Q8. Which of the following relations is correct?
(i) Speed = Distance × Time
(ii) Speed = Distance/Time
(iii) Speed = Time/Distance
(iv) Speed = 1/Distance × Time

Ans: (ii) Speed = Distance/Time


Q9. The basic unit of speed is:
(i) km/min 
(ii) m/min 
(iii) km/h 
(iv) m/s
Ans: (iv) m/s


Q10. A car moves with a speed of 40 km/h for 15 minutes and then with a speed of 60 km/h for the next 15 minutes. The total distance covered by the car is:
(i) 100 km 
(ii) 25 km
(iii) 15 km 
(iv) 10 km
Ans: (ii) 25 km
Explanation: Given,
Speed for first 15 minute = 40km/h
Speed for next 15 minute = 60 km/h

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time

We know that,
Distance = Speed * Time
Therefore, Distance covered in first 15 minute i.e. 0.25 hour = 40 km/h * 0.25 hour = 10 km
Distance covered in next 15 minute = 60 km/h * 0.25 hour = 15 km
Thus, total distance covered = 10 km + 15 km = 25 km
Hence, Answer (ii) is correct


Q11. Suppose the two photographs, shown in Fig. 9.1 and Fig. 9.2, had been taken at an interval of 10 seconds. If a distance of 100 metres is shown by 1 cm in these photographs, calculate the speed of the fastest car.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and TimeAns: First, measure the distance with the help of scale and then proceed as given below.
Suppose the distance measured by scale is 2cm.
Multiply 2 with 100 to get the actual distance = 2 × 100 = 200 m.    (1cm = 100m)
Interval time between the photos taken = 10 s.
Speed of the blue car = 200/10 m/s = 20 m/s


Q12. Figure given here shows the distance-time graph for the motion of two vehicles A and B. Which one of them is moving faster?

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time

Ans: Vehicle A is moving faster which is evident from higher slope for distance time graph of this vehicle; compared to that of the other vehicle.


Q13. Which of the following distance-time graphs shows a truck moving with speed which is not constant?
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time

Ans: (iii) The slope of the graph in this option is not a straight line and hence it does not show a uniform motion.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time is a part of the Class 7 Course Science Class 7.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Motion and Time

1. What is motion?
Ans. Motion is the change in position of an object with respect to its surroundings in a given time. It can be measured in terms of distance and time.
2. What is time?
Ans. Time is a measure of the duration of events and the intervals between them. It is commonly measured in seconds, minutes, hours, and days.
3. What is the difference between speed and velocity?
Ans. Speed is the rate at which an object covers a distance. It is a scalar quantity and is measured in units of distance per unit time. Velocity, on the other hand, is the rate at which an object changes its position in a particular direction. It is a vector quantity and is measured in units of distance per unit time, along with a direction.
4. What is the difference between uniform and non-uniform motion?
Ans. Uniform motion is when an object covers equal distances in equal intervals of time. It has a constant speed. Non-uniform motion is when an object covers unequal distances in equal intervals of time. Its speed is not constant.
5. How can we calculate average speed?
Ans. The average speed of an object can be calculated by dividing the total distance covered by the object by the total time taken to cover that distance. Mathematically, it can be represented as Average speed = Total distance covered / Total time taken.
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