Chapter Notes: Decimals

# Decimals Class 6 Notes Maths Chapter 8

## Introduction

Decimals are an essential part of mathematics that help us represent numbers that are not whole. They are used in everyday life for things like money, measurements, and data analysis. A decimal number has two parts: a whole number and a fractional part, separated by a decimal point.

#### Example:

If you have 1 rupee and 50 paise, you can write it as ₹1.50. Here, 1 is the whole number (rupee), and 50 is the part of the rupee (paise) shown after the decimal point.  The dot between the numbers is a decimal point, which separates rupees from paise, making it easier to work with money. So, ₹1.50 means 1 rupee and 50 paise.

## Comparing Decimals

Let us first understand the basics before we start comparing decimals.

(i) Converting Fractions to Decimals:

To convert a fraction to a decimal, make the denominator 10, 100, etc.

Example: Convert   to a decimal

Multiply both the numerator and denominator by 5 to make the denominator 10:

So,  in decimal form.

(ii) Converting Decimals to Fractions:

To convert a decimal to a fraction, place the decimal number over 10, 100, etc., depending on the number of digits after the decimal point.

Example: Convert 8.9 to a fraction

(iii) Any two decimal numbers can be compared by comparing their whole part and decimal parts.

Let us understand this by comparing 0.07 and 0.1

• Imagine you have two square pieces of paper, both divided into 100 equal parts.
For 0.07: Shade 7 out of the 100 parts.
For 0.1: Shade 10 out of the 100 parts.

• 0.07 means 7 parts out of 100, which can be written as
• 0.1 means 1 part out of 10, which can also be written as (since 1 out of 10 is the same as 10 out of 100).
• Since 10 parts out of 100 is more than 7 parts out of 100, 0.1 is greater than 0.07.

Example: Which is greater: 0.3 or 0.25?

Ans: Let us solve this by imagining you have two chocolate bars, both divided into 100 equal pieces.

First bar (0.25):

• You have 25 pieces out of 100.
• This represents

Second bar (0.3):

• You have 30 pieces out of 100.
• This represents

Since 30 pieces are more than 25 pieces, 0.3 is greater than 0.25.

(iv) Comparing Decimals with the Same Whole Number
Let's compare two numbers: 45.78 and 45.7. Here's how to do it step by step:

• 45.78 can be written as
• 45.7 can be written as

Since the whole part (45) and the tenths place (7) are equal, we move to the hundredths place:

45.78 has 8 in the hundredths place.

45.7 has 0 in the hundredths place (or 45.70).

Therefore, 45.78 > 45.7 because the hundredths part of 45.78 is more.

Even if the whole and tenth parts of two numbers are the same, you must compare the next digit (hundredth place) to find out which number is greater. In this example, 45.67 is greater because it has a larger hundredths value than 45.6.

Example: Compare 64.24 and 64.205

Ans:

Question for Chapter Notes: Decimals
Try yourself:
Which of the following decimals is the greatest?

## Using Decimals

### Money

Working with decimal numbers is essential when handling money, especially in cases where we need to convert paisa into rupees.

100 paise = ₹1

Therefore, 1 paise = ₹0.01

If we have to convert 5 paise to rupees, divide by 100.

For example, if we visit a local shop to purchase 500 grams of turmeric, and 1 kg of turmeric costs Rs. 51, we need to determine how much to pay the shopkeeper. By dividing Rs. 51 by 2, we get Rs. 25.5. To pay the correct amount, we need to understand what Rs. 25.5 represents in rupees. Let's explore this through a simple example.

Rs 1 = 100 paisa

Rs 0.5 = 50 paisa

Rs. 25.5 = Rs. 25 and 50 paisa

Q1: Convert 165 paisa to rupees.

Ans: Since 1 paisa = Rs. 1/100,

165 paisa = Rs. 165 × (1/100) = Rs. 165/100 = Rs. 1.65, which equals

Rs. 1 and 65 paisa.

Q2: Convert 350$350$ paise to rupees

Ans: Since 1 paisa = Rs. 1/100,

350 paisa = Rs. 350 × (1/100) = Rs. 350/100 = Rs. 3.50, which equals

Rs. 3 and 50 paisa.

### Length

When measuring the length of an item, it's not always the case that the length will be a multiple of the scale's markings.

For example, when using a meter scale to measure the length of a table, the measurement might not be a whole number and could fall between two markings on the scale. In such cases, decimal numbers are used.

From unit conversion, we know:

• 1 km = 1000 m
• 1 m = 100 cm
• 1 cm = 10 mm

If the length of the tabletop is 2 meters and 75 centimeters, it can be represented as (2 + 75/100) meters.

Q1: Convert 5 km and 75 m into decimal.

Ans: As we know, 1 km = 1000 m

So, 1 m = 1/1000 km

5 km + 75 m = 5 + (75 × 1/1000) km = 5.075 km

Q2: Convert 61km and  25m into decimal.

Ans:

Convert meters to kilometers:

• Since 1 kilometer = 1000 meters, 25 meters is $251000\frac{25}{1000}$ kilometers.
• $251000$=0.025 km

• 61 kilometers + 0.025 kilometers = 61.025 kilometers.

### Weight

Decimal numbers are commonly used when dealing with weight.

For example, when purchasing a watermelon, its weight might not be a whole number; it could be more than 1 kg but less than 2 kg. In such cases, the shopkeeper needs to calculate the price based on the exact weight of the watermelon. As we know:

• 1 kg = 1000 g
• 1 g = 1000 mg

Now, if the watermelon weighs 1 kg and 750 g, the shopkeeper will charge for 1 kg plus (750/1000) kg of watermelon. We'll explore more about converting weight into decimals through the following example:

Q1: Convert 250 g to kg.

Ans: Since 1000 g = 1 kg,

1 g = 1/1000 kg,

250 g = 250 × (1/1000) kg = 250/1000 kg = 0.250 kg.

Q2: Represent 5 kg and 396 g in Decimal

We know that 1 g = $11000\frac{1}{1000}$kg.

So, 396 g = $3961000\frac{396}{1000}$kg.

Therefore, 5 kg + 0.396 kg = 5.396 kg.

Question for Chapter Notes: Decimals
Try yourself:
Convert 4500 grams to kilograms.

## Addition of Numbers with Decimals

Steps for Addition of Numbers with Decimals:

• Line Up the Decimals: Place the numbers one below the other, making sure the decimal points are aligned. If any number is shorter, add zeros to make the lengths equal.
• Add the Numbers: Add the numbers as you would with whole numbers, starting from the rightmost digit.
• Place the Decimal Point: In the final answer, put the decimal point directly below the other decimal points in the same column.

Example: Add 0.56 + 9 + 6.287

To add decimals, line up the decimal points vertically and fill in 0's as shown:

Q1: The total weight of a box containing 14kg750g of mangoes, 5kg 80g of apples is 22kg 200g. How much is the weight of the empty box?

Ans: Weight of mangoes =14kg750g
Weight of Apples =5kg80g
Total weight of box =22kg200g

So, the weight of empty box = total box weight - total weight of fruits

Q2: Add 27.076 + 0.55 + 0.004

Ans: 27.076 + 0.55 + 0.004

It can be written as 27.076 + 0.550 + 0.004 = 27.630

Q3: Nasreen bought 3 m 20 cm cloth for her shirt and 2 m 5 cm cloth for skirt. Find the total cloth bought by her.

Ans: Cloth bought by Nasreen for shirt = 3 m 20 cm = 3.20 m

Cloth bought by Nasreen for skirt = 2 m 50 cm = 2.05 m

So the total cloth bought by her = 3.20 + 2.05 = 5.25 m = 5 m 25 cm

Hence, the total cloth bought by her is 5 m 25 cm.

22kg 200 g  -  19 kg 830 g  = 2k

## Subtraction of Decimals

Steps for Subtraction of Numbers with Decimals:

• Line Up the Decimals: Arrange the numbers in a vertical format, making sure the decimal points are directly under each other. Add zeros if needed to equalize the lengths.
• Subtract the Numbers: Subtract the numbers as you would with whole numbers, beginning from the rightmost digit.
• Place the Decimal Point: In the final difference, position the decimal point directly below the aligned decimal points.

Example: Subtract 6 – 2.25

To subtract decimals, line up the decimal points vertically and add 0's where shown. Remember to borrow when necessary.

Question for Chapter Notes: Decimals
Try yourself:Subtract 5.6 from 19.76.

Q1: Ganesh purchased a book worth Rs.156.65 from a bookseller and he gave him Rs.500  note. How much balance did he get back?

Ans: Cost of book = Rs. 156.65

Total amount given by Ganesh = Rs. 500

So, the balance given by the shopkeeper is Rs 343. 35

Q2: Subtract 27.56 from 52.1

Ans: By subtracting 27.56 from 52.1

52.10−27.56=24.54

Therefore, we get 24.54 on subtracting 25.76 from 52.1

The document Decimals Class 6 Notes Maths Chapter 8 is a part of the Class 6 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 6.
All you need of Class 6 at this link: Class 6

## Mathematics (Maths) Class 6

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## FAQs on Decimals Class 6 Notes Maths Chapter 8

 1. How do you compare decimals?
Ans. To compare decimals, start by comparing the digits in the ones place. If they are equal, move on to the tenths place, then hundredths place, and so on. If one decimal has more digits than the other, add zeros to make them equal length before comparing.
 2. How can decimals be used in real life situations?
Ans. Decimals are commonly used in financial transactions, measurements, and calculations involving money, weight, length, and more. They help provide more precise and accurate values compared to whole numbers.
 3. How do you add numbers with decimals?
Ans. To add numbers with decimals, line up the decimal points and add as if they were whole numbers. Carry over any extra digits to the final answer. Remember to align the decimal points in the answer.
 4. What is the importance of understanding decimals in mathematics?
Ans. Understanding decimals is crucial in mathematics as they represent parts of a whole. They are used in various mathematical operations, measurements, and applications, making them essential for everyday calculations and problem-solving.
 5. Can decimals be subtracted using the same method as whole numbers?
Ans. Yes, decimals can be subtracted using the same method as whole numbers. Line up the decimal points and subtract as if they were whole numbers. Remember to borrow if needed and align the decimal points in the final answer.

## Mathematics (Maths) Class 6

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