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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Electricity and Circuits

Q1: Fill in the blanks:
(a) A device that is used to break an electric circuit is called _______________.
(b) An electric cell has _______________ terminals.
Ans:
(a) A device that is used to break an electric circuit is called a switch.
(b) An electric cell has two terminals.

Simple switchSimple switchQ2: Mark 'True' or 'False' for the following statements:
(a) Electric current can flow through metals.
Ans: True

(b) Instead of metal wires, a jute string can be used to make a circuit.
Ans: False

(c) Electric current can pass through a sheet of thermo Col.
Ans: False


Q3: Explain why the bulb would not glow in the arrangement shown in Fig.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Electricity and CircuitsAns: The handle of the screw is made up of an insulator, which does allow to current to flow. That is why the bulb is not glowing.


Q4: Complete the drawing shown in Fig. to indicate where the free ends of the two wires should be joined to make the bulb glow.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Electricity and CircuitsAns:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Electricity and Circuits


Q5: What is the purpose of using an electric switch? Name some electrical gadgets that have switches built into them.
Ans: An electric switch serves the purpose of either opening or closing an electric circuit for a specific appliance. This allows us to control the usage of an appliance, turning it on or off as needed. The switch provides a convenient way to manage the flow of electricity to the appliance, offering control and ease of use.


Q6: Would the bulb glow after completing the circuit shown in Fig. if instead of safety pin we use an eraser?

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Electricity and Circuits

Ans: No, since the eraser is an insulator it does not allow the current to pass. Hence the bulb will not glow.


Q7: Would the bulb glow in the circuit shown in Fig?
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Electricity and Circuits
Ans: Yes, the electric circuit is closed so the bulb will glow.


Q8: Using the "conduction tester" on an object it was found that the bulb begins to glow. Is that object a conductor or an insulator? Explain.
Ans: Absolutely, if an object is a good conductor of electricity, the current will flow through a conduction tester, causing the bulb to glow. Therefore, the object can be identified as a conductor of electricity. The conductivity test using the bulb glow is a simple and effective way to determine whether a material allows the passage of electric current.


Q9: Why should an electrician use rubber gloves while repairing an electric switch at your home? Explain.
Ans: As our body is a good conductor of electricity and rubber acts as an insulator, accidents can occur when the body comes into contact with a current-carrying wire during repair work. To prevent such accidents, electricians use rubber gloves, which do not allow the passage of electric current. This protective measure ensures the safety of the electrician while working on an electric switch.

Rubber gloves for repairing electric switchRubber gloves for repairing electric switch

Q10: The handles of the tools like screwdrivers and pliers used by electricians for repair work usually have plastic or rubber covers on them. Can you explain why?
Ans: Plastic or rubber, being insulators, prevent the flow of electric current. To ensure safety, electricians use tools like screwdrivers and pliers with handles covered in plastic or rubber. This covering prevents electric current from passing through the tools to the electrician's body, protecting them from harm.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Electricity and Circuits is a part of the Class 6 Course Science Class 6.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 9 - Electricity and Circuits

1. What is electricity?
Ans. Electricity is a form of energy resulting from the movement of charged particles, such as electrons. It is the flow of electrical power or charge through a conductor.
2. What are circuits?
Ans. Circuits are pathways or routes through which electricity can flow. They are made up of electrical components, such as wires, resistors, capacitors, and switches, that are connected in a closed loop.
3. How does electricity flow in a circuit?
Ans. Electricity flows in a circuit due to the movement of electrons. When a voltage source, such as a battery, is connected to a circuit, it creates an electric potential difference. This potential difference causes the electrons to move from the negative terminal of the source to the positive terminal, creating an electric current.
4. What is the difference between series and parallel circuits?
Ans. In a series circuit, the components are connected one after another, forming a single pathway for the current. In contrast, in a parallel circuit, the components are connected side by side, providing multiple pathways for the current. In a series circuit, the same current flows through all components, while in a parallel circuit, the current divides among the branches.
5. How does a switch work in an electrical circuit?
Ans. A switch is a device used to control the flow of electricity in a circuit. When the switch is closed or turned on, it completes the circuit, allowing the current to flow. When the switch is open or turned off, it breaks the circuit, interrupting the flow of current. Switches are commonly used to control lights, appliances, and other electrical devices.
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