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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics - Key Elements of a Democratic Government

Questions

Q1. How would Maya’s life be different in South Africa today?

Answer: Maya’s life would be different in South Africa today due to following reasons:
(i) Practice of apartheid is abolished today.
(ii) She would have enjoyed equal rights before the law.
(iii) No discrimination on the basis of caste, color, creed and religion.
(iv) She would have the right to choose and participate in the government.


Q2. What are the various ways in which people participate in the process of government?

Answer: Various ways in which people participate in the process of government:
(i) By participating in the election.
(ii) By casting their vote to choose their government.
(iii) By mass protest like rallies, strikes, signature campaigns etc.
(iv) Limiting the power by regular election.
(v) By expressing their view and criticizing the government on social media, televisions, newspapers etc.
(vi) Keep on track and informed with government works and decisions.


Q3. Why do you think we need the government to find solutions to many disputes or conflicts?

Answer: We need the government to find solutions to many disputes or conflicts:
(i) It can turn into outrageous or violent movement in future if not solved.
(ii) Government is accountable to its people and thus take care of them.
(iii) It is necessary to maintain peace and laws in the nation.
(iv) To maintain the trust of its people for the maintenance of laws and justice.


Q4. What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally?

Answer: Steps the government should take to ensure that all people are treated equally:
(i) Everybody should be treated  equally before the law and in the constitution.
(ii) All should be given equal rights to enjoy their freedom.
(iii) There should be no discrimination in providing justice on the basis of caste, colour, creed or religion.
(iv) Special protection should be provided to the underprivileged classes.
(v) Ensuring basic facilities of food, shelter, health and clothes to all.


Q5. Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a democratic government. Make a list. For example, all people are equal.

Answer: Key ideas of a democratic government:
(i) Rights to participate in the formation of government.
(ii) Justice should be provided to all.
(iii) Re election should be held after a fixed period.
(iv) Government should be accountable to its people.
(v) No discrimination on the basis of caste, colour, creed or religion.
(vi) Right to organise mass movements, rallies, protests etc.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics - Key Elements of a Democratic Government is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics - Key Elements of a Democratic Government

1. What are the key elements of a democratic government?
Ans. The key elements of a democratic government are as follows: 1. Popular sovereignty: This means that the power to govern lies with the people, who elect their representatives. 2. Political equality: Every citizen has the right to vote and participate in the political process, regardless of their social or economic status. 3. Rule of law: The government and its officials are bound by the constitution and are subject to the same laws as the citizens. 4. Protection of fundamental rights: A democratic government ensures the protection of individual rights and freedoms, such as freedom of speech, expression, and religion. 5. Separation of powers: The powers of the government are divided among the legislature, executive, and judiciary to prevent the concentration of power.
2. How does popular sovereignty work in a democratic government?
Ans. Popular sovereignty refers to the idea that the power to govern lies with the people. In a democratic government, citizens exercise their sovereignty by electing their representatives through free and fair elections. These elected representatives then make decisions on behalf of the people and govern the country. The elected representatives are accountable to the people and can be voted out of power if they fail to fulfill their responsibilities. Therefore, popular sovereignty ensures that the government is based on the will of the people and reflects their interests and preferences.
3. What is the significance of the rule of law in a democratic government?
Ans. The rule of law plays a crucial role in a democratic government as it ensures that the government and its officials are bound by the constitution and are subject to the same laws as the citizens. This prevents the misuse of power and ensures that everyone, including the government, is accountable for their actions. The rule of law protects the rights and freedoms of individuals, promotes equality, and provides a framework for resolving disputes and maintaining social order. It helps in maintaining trust and confidence in the government and promotes a fair and just society.
4. How does a democratic government protect fundamental rights?
Ans. A democratic government protects fundamental rights by recognizing them as inherent to every individual and guaranteeing their protection through the constitution or other legal mechanisms. These rights include freedom of speech, expression, religion, equality before the law, and the right to life, liberty, and security. The government ensures that these rights are not violated by any individual or institution, including the government itself. It provides a legal framework for individuals to seek redressal in case of rights violations and establishes independent judiciary to safeguard and interpret these rights.
5. What is the role of separation of powers in a democratic government?
Ans. Separation of powers refers to the division of powers among the legislature, executive, and judiciary in a democratic government. This division ensures a system of checks and balances, preventing the concentration of power in a single authority. The legislature is responsible for making laws, the executive implements these laws, and the judiciary interprets and applies them. This separation of powers helps in preventing the abuse of power, promotes accountability, and ensures that no single branch of government becomes too powerful. It allows each branch to act as a check on the others, safeguarding the rights and interests of citizens.
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