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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 - Rural Administration

Q1. What is the work of the police?
Ans: Work of the police:
(i) Maintenance of law and order.
(ii) Investigation of a case or taking FIR.
(iii) Protection of the public and their property.
(iv) Maintenance of public safety.
(v) Testifying truthfully in the court.


Q2. List two things that the work of a Patwari includes.
Ans: Two things that the work of a Patwari includes:
(i) Main work is measuring of land and keeping land records.
(ii) Collection of land revenue from farmers.
(iii) Providing information to the government about the growth of the crops.


Q3. What is the work of a tehsildar?
Ans: Work of the tehsildar:
(i) Hearing disputes related to lands.
(ii) Supervising the work of the Patwaris.
(iii) Ensuring that land records are properly kept.
(iv) Ensuring the proper collection of land revenue.
(v) Making sure that the farmers can easily obtain a copy of their record.
(vi) Caste certificates for the students.


Q4. What issue is the poem trying to raise? Do you think this is an important issue? Why?
Ans: The poem is trying to ruse the issue of gender discrimination based on the inheritance of land by their father.
Yes, this is an important issue because:
(i) Daughters are denied of the share.
(ii) Son does not look after their mother and sisters after getting a share of the property.
(iii) Raising this issue will ensure the security of women.


Q5. In what ways are the work of the Panchayat, that you read about in the previous chapter, and the work of the Patwari related to each other?
Ans: (i) Panchayat often settles the small disputes of lands between locals and Patwari maintains the land records and land settle disputes.
(ii) Panchayat levied local taxes and revenue while Patwari organises the collected revenues.
(iii) Both Patwari and Panchayat need to cooperate with each other on the construction work over land area.


Q6. Visit a police station and find out the work that the police have to do to prevent crime and maintain law and order in their area especially during festivals, public meetings etc.
Ans: Work is done by the police to prevent crime and maintain law and order in their area especially during festivals, public meetings:
(i) They enquire about the amount of crowd to be gathered in their local areas.
(ii) According to the crowd, they prepare for the proper management and policemen set up on the duty
(iii) They also spread awareness among the public to be careful and maintain peace.
(iv) They prepare for any emergency and ready to handle it.
(v) All local police station is always in contact with their head branch and cooperate with each other.


Q7. Who is in charge of all the police stations in a district? Find out.
Ans: Superintendent of police (SP) is in charge of all the police stations in a district while the local police station is headed by Station House Officer (SHO).


Q8. How do women benefit under the new law?
Ans: Benefits to women under the new law:
(i) Earlier they were not entitled to their ancestor’s property but now they are.
(ii) It makes women more independent and economically secure.
(iii) This also empowers the women and they can leave peacefully within the society.
(iv) They can also start their own work after acquiring their shares in the property.
(v) They will be not excused over beneficial and economical decisions.


Q9. In your neighbourhood are there women who own property? How did they acquire it?
Ans: Yes, in my neighborhood many women have their own property. Some acquire it from their ancestors or forefathers while some bought their property from their own income source.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 - Rural Administration is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 - Rural Administration

1. What is rural administration?
Ans. Rural administration refers to the process of governing or managing the rural areas of a country. It involves the planning and implementation of policies, programs, and projects aimed at improving the quality of life of rural people and promoting the overall development of rural areas.
2. What are the main functions of rural administration?
Ans. The main functions of rural administration include the provision of basic infrastructure such as roads, water supply, and electricity, the promotion of agriculture and allied activities, the implementation of poverty alleviation programs, the provision of healthcare and education facilities, and the maintenance of law and order in rural areas.
3. What is the role of Panchayati Raj institutions in rural administration?
Ans. Panchayati Raj institutions are an important part of rural administration in India. They are responsible for the implementation of various rural development programs and projects at the grassroots level. They also play a key role in the planning and implementation of various government schemes and programs aimed at rural development.
4. What are the challenges faced by rural administration in India?
Ans. Rural administration in India faces several challenges such as inadequate infrastructure, lack of resources, poor connectivity, low literacy rates, poverty, and unemployment. In addition, there is a lack of skilled manpower and proper training for rural administrators, leading to ineffective implementation of rural development programs.
5. How can technology be used to improve rural administration?
Ans. Technology can be used to improve rural administration in several ways. For example, it can be used to improve communication and connectivity in rural areas, provide access to information about various government schemes and programs, track the implementation of rural development projects, and improve the delivery of essential services such as healthcare and education. It can also be used to promote e-governance and improve transparency and accountability in rural administration.
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