Q1. Why did the children go to Yasmin Khala’s house?
Ans: The kids aimed to fix the broken streetlight they had accidentally damaged. So, Rehana proposed they go to Yasmin Kala's place nearby to learn the steps for getting it repaired since she recently retired from the Municipal Corporation.
Q2. List four ways in which the work of the Municipal Corporation affects the life of a city-dweller.
Ans: Four ways in which the work of the Municipal Corporation affects the life of a city-dweller:
(i) Construction and maintenance of roads, parks, street lights etc.
(ii) Cleansing and maintenance of drainage system.
(iii) Collection and disposal of garbage.
(iv) Supply of safe drinking water.
(v) Electricity supply.
Q3. Who is a Municipal Councillor?
Ans: A Municipal Councillor is an elected member of the committee of Municipal Corporation.
Q4. What did Gangabai do and why?
Ans: Gangabai voiced her discontent with the Ward councillor over the poor maintenance of the streets. Garbage disposal was neglected, causing a nuisance in the area with stray dogs, rats, flies, and mosquitoes becoming prevalent.
Q5. How does the Municipal Corporation earn the money to do its work?
Ans: Municipal Corporation earns money from the taxes collected from various sources like property taxes, water taxes, entertainment taxes, and also from taxes on education and other amenities.
In the two photographs, you see different ways of collecting and disposing of garbage.
Photo 1Photo 2(i) Which way do you think provides safety to the person disposing of garbage?
(ii) What are the dangers of collecting garbage in the manner shown in the first photograph?
(iii) Why do you think that proper ways of disposing of garbage are not available to those who work in municipalities?
(i) I think Photo 2 provides safety to the person disposing of garbage.
(ii) In the first photograph, people collecting garbage might get injured or infected and may fall ill. It will affect their health as they are not taking any safety measures. The garbage will also not be collected properly.
(iii) The proper ways of disposing of garbage are not available to those who work in municipalities may be due to the lack of fund availability or the careless behavior of the officials and workers.
Q7. Several poor people in the city work as domestic servants as well as work for the Corporation, keeping the city clean. Yet the slums in which they live are quite filthy. This is because these slums seldom have any water and sanitation facilities. The reason often given by the Municipal Corporation is that the land in which the poor have set up their homes does not belong to them and that slum-dwellers do not pay taxes. However, people living in middle-class neighborhoods pay very little in taxes compared to the amount of money the corporation spends on setting up parks, street lighting facilities, regular garbage collection, etc. Also as you read in this chapter, the property taxes collected by the Municipality make up only 25-30 percent of its money. Why do you think it is important that the Corporation should spend more money on slum localities? Why is it important that the Municipal Corporation provide the poor in the city with the same facilities that the rich get?
Ans: It is important that the Corporation should spend more money on slum localities because:
(i) If they do not provide them equal facilities then it is discrimination on the basis of economic condition.
(ii) Slums are also a part of the society. The people living there contribute a lot to society and also the major work population like domestic servants Municipal workers, cleaners, etc.
(iii) Diseases can also spread to the neighboring locality of the slums due to dirty conditions.
Ques 8. Look at the image below.
The Government of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2 October 2014 to promote cleanliness in both rural and urban areas all over the nation. Under the “Swachh Bharat, Swachh Vidyalaya” campaign, many activities are also being carried out in schools to generate awareness of sanitation and hygiene among students. Observe the ways in which “Swachh Bharat Abhiyan” is being implemented by the municipality/panchayat in your locality. Prepare a poster and display it in your school.
Ans: This is an activity that students need to carry out at their school.
|1. What is urban administration?
|2. What is the role of urban administration in urban development?
|3. How are urban areas governed in India?
|4. What are the major challenges faced by urban administration in India?
|5. How can citizens participate in urban administration?