Class 6 Exam  >  Class 6 Notes  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 6  >  NCERT Solutions: Urban Livelihoods

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods

Q1. Read and discuss the following description of the living conditions of workers who come to the labour chowk.
Most workers that we find at the labour chowk cannot afford permanent accommodation and so sleep on pavements near the chowk, or they pay Rs 6 a night for a bed at a nearby night shelter run by the Municipal Corporation. To compensate for the lack of security, local tea and cigarette shops function as banks, moneylenders and safety lockers, all rolled into one. Most workers leave their tools at these shops for the night for safekeeping, and pass on any extra money to them. The shopkeepers keep the money safely and also offer loans to labourers in need.
Source: Aman Sethi, Hindu On-line
Ans: Living condition of workers who came to the labour chowk:
(i) Workers are living in the harsh condition and suffering from lack of basic facilities and security.
(ii) The workers at labour chowk find out regular jobs but do not have permanent jobs.
(iii) They do not have permanent shelter so sleep on pavements or in paid shelter of Municipal corporation.
(iv) The protection of their money and tools are provided by the local tea and cigarettes shops in an unorganised manner.
(v) Labourers also took loans from these shops.


Q2. Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different:
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods
Ans:
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods


Q3. In what ways is a permanent and regular job different from a casual job? Discuss.
Ans:
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods


Q4. What benefits does Sudha get along with her salary?
Ans: Sudha get different benefits along with her salary:
(i) Savings for old age: A part of her salary is kept in fund with government on which she gets interest and retirement.
(ii) Holidays: She doesn’t have to work on Sundays and national holidays. She also get some annual leave
(iii) Medical facilities: She get paid leave for illness and free treatment. Her family get paid medical facilities up to certain amount by the company.
(iv) Job security: She also have the permanent job and security of it.


Q5. Fill in the following table to show the services provided by people in the markets which you visit frequently.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods
Ans:
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
All you need of Class 6 at this link: Class 6
66 videos|344 docs|57 tests

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods

1. What are urban livelihoods?
Ans. Urban livelihoods refer to the means of earning a living in urban areas. It includes various types of employment and occupations that people engage in to sustain themselves and their families in urban settings.
2. What are some common types of urban livelihoods?
Ans. Some common types of urban livelihoods include formal employment in industries, offices, and businesses, self-employment in small businesses or street vending, informal labor such as construction work or domestic help, and service sector jobs like healthcare, education, and hospitality.
3. How do urban livelihoods differ from rural livelihoods?
Ans. Urban livelihoods differ from rural livelihoods in several ways. Urban areas offer a wider range of employment opportunities due to the presence of industries, businesses, and service sectors. Urban livelihoods also tend to be more formalized and structured, with fixed working hours and regular wages, as compared to the often informal and seasonal nature of rural livelihoods.
4. What are the challenges faced by urban dwellers in securing livelihoods?
Ans. Urban dwellers face various challenges in securing livelihoods. These include high competition for limited job opportunities, lack of skills and education required for formal employment, inadequate infrastructure and resources for self-employment, and vulnerability to economic fluctuations and unemployment.
5. How can government policies support urban livelihoods?
Ans. Government policies can support urban livelihoods by promoting skill development programs to enhance employability, providing financial assistance and resources for small businesses and entrepreneurship, improving infrastructure and access to basic services, and implementing social welfare schemes to protect vulnerable urban populations. Additionally, urban planning and development initiatives can create employment opportunities and foster sustainable urban livelihoods.
66 videos|344 docs|57 tests
Download as PDF
Explore Courses for Class 6 exam
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!
Related Searches

MCQs

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Semester Notes

,

Important questions

,

video lectures

,

Exam

,

ppt

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods

,

Extra Questions

,

Summary

,

mock tests for examination

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods

,

Viva Questions

,

past year papers

,

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 8 - Urban Livelihoods

,

Objective type Questions

,

Sample Paper

,

pdf

,

Free

,

study material

,

practice quizzes

;