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Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Question Answers - Power Sharing

Q 1. Give three reasons for the civil war in Sri Lanka.

The distrust between the Sinhala and Tamil communities turned into a civil war.

Sinhala vs Tamils during Civil WarSinhala vs Tamils during Civil War


Following were the reasons for the civil war in Sri Lanka:

  • Sinhala was declared as the only official language disregarding Tamil.
  • Sinhala applicants were favoured for government jobs and higher positions in military and bureaucracy.
  • Buddhism was declared as the official religion.


Q 2. Why is power-sharing desirable in a democracy or any other system of government?

  • Power-sharing helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.
  • It is a good way to ensure the stability of political order and unity of the nation.
  • A legitimate government is one where citizens through participation acquire a stake in the system.


Q 3. Describe the power-sharing in Lebanon.

As per the agreement:

  • President must belong to the Maronite sect of Catholic Christians.
  • The Prime Minister must be from the Sunni Muslim community.
  • The post of Deputy Prime Minister is fixed for Orthodox Christian sect and that of the speaker for Shia Muslim.
  • The Christians agreed not to seek French protection and the Muslims agreed not to seek unification with Syria.


Q 4. Why is power sharing essential for a democracy?

Power sharing is essential for a democracy because it accommodates diversities of a nation.


Q 5. In the Flemish region which language did the majority of the people speak?

The Dutch language.


Q 6. What is the power of the community government in Belgium?

The community government in Belgium has the power regarding cultural, educational and language-related issues.


Q 7. In a democracy power sharing is ensured in the presence of political parties and pressure groups. Explain.

  • In a democracy political parties compete with each other to gain political power. Each political party has a fair chance to come into power. 
  • Sometimes when no political party gets a clear majority in elections, two or more political parties come together to form a coalition government. This also ensures power sharing. 
  • In a democracy various interest groups of workers, business men etc. that exist, tend to influence government decisions. Their participation in the government’s activities ensures power sharing.


Q 8. Can dividing power lead to the weakening of a country?

No, dividing power cannot lead to weakening of a country. In fact division of power ensures that the rights of the minorities are protected. It also keeps the tyranny of the majority under check. It helps in national integration. People feel safe and secure in such a democratic country.


9. Describe any three forms of power sharing in modern democracies.

Three forms of power sharing with examples:

  • Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary.
  • Power can be shared among governments at different levels - a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level. 
  • Power may also be shared among different social groups such the religious and linguistic groups. 'Community government in Belgium is a good example of this arrangement.


Q 10. Write one prudential and one moral reason for power sharing.

  • Prudential reason for power sharing: Power sharing reduces social conflicts among social groups with different interests and aspirations Social conflicts lead to violence and instability. Power sharing ensures the stability of political order.
  • Moral reason for power sharing: Power sharing is the very spirit and essence of democracy, Democracy involves sharing power with those affected by its exercise, and who have to live with its effects. People have the right to be consulted on how they are to be governed.
The document Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Question Answers - Power Sharing is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Question Answers - Power Sharing

1. What is power-sharing?
Ans. Power-sharing is the distribution of power and authority among different groups or individuals in a society. It is an essential component of democracy and ensures that no single group or individual dominates the political system.
2. What are the different forms of power-sharing?
Ans. The different forms of power-sharing are vertical power-sharing, which involves the sharing of power between the central government and state governments, and horizontal power-sharing, which involves the sharing of power among different organs of the government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary.
3. What is the importance of power-sharing in a democracy?
Ans. Power-sharing is important in a democracy as it ensures that power is not concentrated in the hands of a single group or individual, and that all sections of society have a say in the decision-making process. It also promotes social stability, as different groups are able to voice their concerns and grievances without resorting to violence.
4. What are the challenges faced in implementing power-sharing in a diverse society?
Ans. The challenges faced in implementing power-sharing in a diverse society include resistance from dominant groups who may want to maintain their hold on power, mistrust and suspicion among different groups, and the difficulty of ensuring that power-sharing arrangements are fair and equitable for all sections of society.
5. How can power-sharing be strengthened in a democracy?
Ans. Power-sharing can be strengthened in a democracy by promoting greater participation and representation of different groups in the decision-making process, ensuring that power-sharing arrangements are enshrined in the constitution and upheld by independent institutions, and by encouraging dialogue and cooperation among different groups to build trust and promote social cohesion.
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