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Class 10 Civics Question Answers - Democracy and Diversity (Old Syllabus)

Q.1. What could be the two possible outcomes of politics of social divisions?

Ans. The two outcomes are :
(i) Political divisions could lead to violence and disintegration of a country. Example : Yugoslavia.
(ii) They could be amicably settled in a democracy where rulers share power, and people think of themselves as nationalists and then as belonging to a religious or ethnic or linguistic group. Example : India.

Q.2. When does a social difference become a social division?

Ans. Social division takes place when some social differences overlap with other differences. For example, the difference between the Blacks and Whites becomes a social division in the USm because the Blacks tend to be poor, homeless and discriminated against. Similarly, in our country, Dalits tend to be poor and landless.

Q.3. Is the combination of social division with politics always explosive? Substantiate with examples from India. [HOTS]

Ans. The combination of social division with politics is not always explosive. Rather in a democracy, political expression of social divisions is very normal and healthy. This allows various disadvantaged and marginal social groups to express their grievances and get the government to attend to these. This leads to the strengthening of democracy.

Q.4. Discuss the ways is which social divisions are reflected in a democracy.

Ans.

(i) In a democracy, it is natural that political parties talk about the social divisions and make different promises to different communities.
(ii) They look after the representation of various communities and make policies to redress the grievances of the disadvantaged communities.
(iii) Social divisions affect voting in most countries. People from one community tend to prefer some party more than others.

The document Class 10 Civics Question Answers - Democracy and Diversity (Old Syllabus) is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on Class 10 Civics Question Answers - Democracy and Diversity (Old Syllabus)

1. What is democracy and diversity?
Ans. Democracy is a form of government where the power is vested in the hands of the people, and they have the right to choose their representatives through free and fair elections. Diversity refers to the differences that exist among people, such as race, ethnicity, religion, culture, and language. Democracy and diversity are interrelated as democracy ensures that all individuals have equal rights and opportunities, irrespective of their differences.
2. What are the challenges faced by democracy in a diverse society?
Ans. One of the significant challenges faced by democracy in a diverse society is the issue of representation. It is crucial to ensure that all individuals, irrespective of their differences, have an equal say in the decision-making process. Another challenge is the potential for conflict between different groups, which can lead to violence and instability. Additionally, there may be a clash of values and beliefs, which may threaten the stability of the democratic system.
3. How does democracy promote diversity?
Ans. Democracy promotes diversity by ensuring that all individuals have equal rights and opportunities. It encourages the participation of all individuals in the decision-making process, irrespective of their differences. Democracy also promotes tolerance and respect for diversity, which helps to create a more inclusive society. Through free and fair elections, democracy allows for the representation of diverse voices, ensuring that everyone's interests are taken into account.
4. What is the role of education in promoting democracy and diversity?
Ans. Education plays a critical role in promoting democracy and diversity. It helps individuals to develop an understanding of different cultures, beliefs, and values, which promotes tolerance and respect for diversity. Education also helps to develop critical thinking skills, which are essential for active participation in the democratic process. Additionally, education equips individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary to make informed decisions and engage in constructive dialogue with individuals from different backgrounds.
5. How can individuals promote democracy and diversity in their communities?
Ans. Individuals can promote democracy and diversity in their communities by actively participating in the democratic process, such as voting in elections and engaging in constructive dialogue with individuals from different backgrounds. They can also promote tolerance and respect for diversity by challenging stereotypes and prejudices and promoting inclusivity and equality. Additionally, individuals can educate themselves and others about different cultures, beliefs, and values, which can help to create a more inclusive society.
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