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Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers - Outcomes of Democracy

Q.1. Which factors help economic growth in the country?

Ans.
(i) Economic growth depends on the size of the population of a country. We can see that in our country economic growth cannot cope with the problem of a bursting population of more than a billion people.
(ii) It also depends on the global situation and cooperation from other countries. All developing countries need help of the rich and developed nations to grow.
(iii) The policies of the government also affect economic growth of country.

Q.2. How have democracies fallen short of people’s expectations?

Ans. Democracies have failed to hold elections which give a fair chance to everyone. They have failed in transparency, i.e. sharing information with citizens. They are also blamed for not holding public debate. And finally, corruption is the biggest charge against democratic governments.

Q.3. What is a must for a successful democratic government?

Ans. In a democracy, there must be a government which is accountable to the citizens, responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens only then it can be effective and efficient.

Q.4. What do you understand by the term ‘majority’ in a democracy?

Ans. Democracy does not rule simply by majority opinion. ‘Majority’ does not mean a community in terms of religion, race or linguistic group. Rule by majority means that in case of every decision, or in case of every election, different people and groups can form a majority.

Q.5. What are the conditions under which democracies accommodate social diversities? [2011 (T-2)]

Ans.
(i) The majority always needs to work with the minority so that governments function to represent the general views.
(ii) It is necessary that rule by majority does not become rule by majority community in terms of religion, race, linguistic group, etc. Different persons or groups should be allowed to form a government as a result of an election conducted.

Q.6. Some people think that democracy produces less efficient and effective government. Do you agree with their views? [2011 (T-2)]

Ans. It is true that some delay is bound to take place in democracy as it is based on deliberation and negotiation. It is also true that non-democratic rulers can be very quick and efficient in decision-making and implementation. But they may take decisions that are not acceptable to the people but are forced on them. On the other hand, because democratic governments follow procedures, its decisions may be more acceptable to the people and more effective. So I do not agree with the view that democracy is a less effective and more inefficient form of government.

Q.7. Examine with the help of three examples how the dignity and freedom of citizens are best guaranteed in a democracy. [2011 (T-2)]

Ans.
(i) Dignity of women. Long struggles by women have created some sensitivity today that respect to and equal treatment of women are necessary ingredients of a democratic society.
(ii) Caste inequalities. Democracy in India have strengthened the claims of the disadvantaged and discriminated castes for equal status and equal opportunity.
(iii)Public expression of dissatisfaction. A public expression of dissatisfaction with democracy shows the success of the democratic project : it transforms people from the status of a ‘subject’ to that of a ‘citizen’. Public expression shows that people are aware and have the ability to look critically at the powerholders.

The document Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers - Outcomes of Democracy is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers - Outcomes of Democracy

1. What are the outcomes of democracy?
Ans. The outcomes of democracy are as follows: 1. It ensures the participation of citizens in the decision-making process. 2. It promotes equality and freedom. 3. It creates a sense of responsibility among citizens. 4. It ensures transparency and accountability in the government. 5. It promotes economic growth and development.
2. How does democracy promote economic growth?
Ans. Democracy promotes economic growth by ensuring a stable political environment, promoting entrepreneurship, and creating policies that encourage investment. It also ensures that resources are allocated efficiently, and there is a fair distribution of wealth and opportunities.
3. How does democracy promote transparency and accountability in the government?
Ans. Democracy promotes transparency and accountability in the government by ensuring that the government's actions are open to scrutiny and that citizens have access to information. It also ensures that the government is accountable to the people and that there are mechanisms in place to hold the government accountable for its actions.
4. How does democracy create a sense of responsibility among citizens?
Ans. Democracy creates a sense of responsibility among citizens by giving them a voice in the decision-making process and ensuring that they are involved in shaping the policies that affect their lives. It also ensures that citizens are aware of their rights and responsibilities and that they have a duty to participate in the democratic process.
5. What is the role of democracy in promoting equality and freedom?
Ans. Democracy promotes equality and freedom by ensuring that all citizens have equal rights and opportunities regardless of their social or economic status. It also ensures that the government is accountable to the people and that there are mechanisms in place to protect individual freedoms and rights. Additionally, democracy promotes the rule of law and ensures that everyone is subject to the same laws and regulations.
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