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Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers - Outcomes of Democracy

Q.1. Look at the two images given below and then answer the questions.
 (i) What are the two images depicting about democratic politics?
 (ii) Take one example for each image and then write a paragraph each on the outcome of democratic politics in both situations.

Ans.

(i)
Image 1 is of a harmonious type irrespective of differences among citizens on the basis of their colour, or any other social differences.
Image 2 is of a divisive society where there are divisions which can lead to conflicts, and even civil war.

Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers - Outcomes of Democracy

Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers - Outcomes of Democracy


(ii) The first example we can take up is of Belgium where Dutch-speaking and Frenchspeaking people have learnt to share power and live amicably. Here perfect equality is maintained and there is no conflict. No group is allowed to dominate in any way, eitherm in politics or in social and cultural life.

The second example is of Sri Lanka where a civil war continued for decades. The Sinhalese majority has made Buddhism the state religion and Sinhala the state language, and has given no rights to the Tamil minority. Ireland suffered for many years with religious conflict. Only an agreement in 2005 brought peace for the nation.

Q.3. Discuss some merits and demerits of democracy in the light of your study of the chapter.

Ans. Merits :
(i) Promotes equality among citizens
(ii) Enhances the dignity of the individual
(iii) Improves the quality of decision making
(iv) Provides a method to resolve conflicts
(v) Allows room to correct mistakes

Demerits :
(i) Takes more time to follow procedures before arriving at a decision as compared to a nondemocratic government.
(ii) Most democracies fall short of elections that provide a fair chance to everyone and in putting every decision to public debate.
(iii) Democratic governments do not have a very good record when it comes to sharing information with citizens.
(iv) Democracies often frustrate the needs of the people and often ignore the demands of a majority of its population.

The document Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers - Outcomes of Democracy is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on Class 10 Civics Chapter 5 Question Answers - Outcomes of Democracy

1. What are the outcomes of democracy?
Ans. The outcomes of democracy include the protection of individual rights and freedoms, equal opportunities for citizens, accountable government, peaceful resolution of conflicts, and socio-economic development.
2. How does democracy ensure the protection of individual rights and freedoms?
Ans. Democracy ensures the protection of individual rights and freedoms through the establishment of a constitution that enshrines these rights and provides a legal framework for their protection. Additionally, democratic governments are accountable to the people and can be held responsible for any violations of rights.
3. What role does democracy play in promoting socio-economic development?
Ans. Democracy promotes socio-economic development by providing a conducive environment for economic growth and development. It ensures equal opportunities for all citizens, encourages innovation and entrepreneurship, promotes fair competition, and allows for the participation of citizens in decision-making processes.
4. How does democracy contribute to the peaceful resolution of conflicts?
Ans. Democracy provides mechanisms for the peaceful resolution of conflicts through dialogue, negotiation, and compromise. It encourages open and inclusive discussions, allows for the expression of diverse viewpoints, and provides platforms for citizens to participate in decision-making processes. This helps to prevent conflicts from escalating into violence.
5. What is the significance of accountable government in a democracy?
Ans. Accountable government is crucial in a democracy as it ensures that those in power are responsible for their actions and decisions. It allows citizens to hold their elected representatives accountable for their performance and ensures transparency in governance. This helps to prevent corruption, abuse of power, and ensures that the government is working in the best interests of the people.
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