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Glossary and Important Information - Natural Vegetation and Wild Life | Social Studies (SST) Class 9 PDF Download

Glossary and Important Information

1.      Natural Resources : These are the gifts produced by nature such as air, water, soil etc.

2.      Ecology : The science which deals with the inter relation between various organisms and physical environment.

3.      Endangered species : Plants and animals which are extinct or in the danger of getting extinct.

4.      Wild life sanctuary : A reserved area for preserving natural beauty. e.g. Ranthambhor wild life sanctuary.

5.      Biosphere : Part of the earth which is covered by living organisms both plants and animals.

6.      Soil : The upper layer of the ground containing weathered rock and humus.

7.      Coniferous forest : Evergreen trees that bear needle like leaves.

8.      Deciduous forest : Type of trees that lose their leaves every year.

9.    Flora : Plants of a particular region or period are referred to as flora.

10.    Fauna : Species of animals are known as fauna. 

11.    Forest : Extensive area covered with trees.

12.   Vegetation : It refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by human for a long time

The document Glossary and Important Information - Natural Vegetation and Wild Life | Social Studies (SST) Class 9 is a part of the Class 9 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 9.
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FAQs on Glossary and Important Information - Natural Vegetation and Wild Life - Social Studies (SST) Class 9

1. What is natural vegetation?
Ans. Natural vegetation refers to the plant life that grows without any human intervention in a particular region or ecosystem. It includes all types of plants, such as trees, shrubs, grasses, and flowers, that have grown naturally in an area for a long time.
2. How does natural vegetation contribute to the environment?
Ans. Natural vegetation plays a crucial role in maintaining the balance of the environment. It helps in oxygen production through photosynthesis, reduces soil erosion by preventing water runoff, provides habitat and food for wildlife, helps in regulating temperature and climate, and acts as a natural filter for air and water pollutants.
3. What are the threats to natural vegetation and wildlife?
Ans. The threats to natural vegetation and wildlife include deforestation, habitat loss due to urbanization and agriculture, climate change, pollution, invasive species, and poaching. These factors disrupt the natural balance and biodiversity of ecosystems, leading to the decline of various plant and animal species.
4. What is the importance of conserving natural vegetation and wildlife?
Ans. Conserving natural vegetation and wildlife is essential for maintaining the Earth's biodiversity, preserving ecosystem services, and ensuring a sustainable future. It helps in preserving genetic diversity, protecting endangered species, maintaining ecological balance, supporting livelihoods of local communities, and providing opportunities for research, education, and recreation.
5. How can individuals contribute to the conservation of natural vegetation and wildlife?
Ans. Individuals can contribute to the conservation of natural vegetation and wildlife by adopting sustainable practices such as reducing deforestation and promoting afforestation, practicing responsible tourism, minimizing the use of harmful chemicals, supporting conservation organizations and initiatives, spreading awareness, and participating in conservation efforts through volunteering or donations.
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