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Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - UPSC MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test - Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3

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Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 1

Consider the following statements:
I. The Interim Government of India formed the Constituent Assembly in 1946.
II. The Muslim League did not participate in the formation of the Interim Government.
III. In 1946, only 296 seats in the Constituent Assembly were open for assigned to the British Indian provinces. 
Choose the statements which is true :

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 1

Option 3 (I and III) is correct.

Explanation:

I. The Interim Government of India was formed on September 2, 1946, by the Indian National Congress and other parties to govern India until the adoption of the Constitution. This government was responsible for convening the Constituent Assembly, which was tasked with drafting the Constitution of India.

II. The Muslim League initially refused to participate in the formation of the Interim Government due to disagreements over the allocation of seats between the Congress and the League. The League demanded equal representation, which was not accepted by the Congress. However, the Muslim League later joined the government on October 26, 1946, after the British government intervened and convinced them to participate.

III. The Constituent Assembly consisted of 389 members, with 296 seats allocated to British India and 93 seats to the Princely States. However, this statement is false because all the 296 seats were open for indirect elections, and not just a few of them. Provincial assemblies elected these members through a system of proportional representation with a single transferable vote.

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 2

Consider the following statements:
1. It was M. N Roy who first proposed the idea of forming a Constituent Assembly through universal adult suffrage.
2. The demand was accepted by the British for the first time in the Cripps’ Mission.
Choose the correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 2

The correct answer is A: Only 1.

Statement 1 is correct. M.N. Roy, a socialist leader, first proposed the idea of forming a Constituent Assembly in 1934 through universal adult suffrage.

Statement 2 is incorrect. The demand for a Constituent Assembly through universal adult suffrage was not accepted by the British in the Cripps Mission of 1942. The demand was ultimately accepted through the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946.

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 3

Consider the following table and find the wrong matches:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 3

The Credential Committee was headed by Alladi Krishnaswamy Aiyer and the House Committee was chaired by Pattabhi Sitaramayya.

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 4

Arrange the following events in their correct chronological order:
1. Ratification of India’s membership of the Commonwealth
2. Adoption of National Flag
3. Adoption of National Anthem

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 4

Other important dates with respect to the Assembly:

  • Ratified India’s membership of the Commonwealth in May 1949
  • Adopted National Flag of India on July 22, 1947
  • Adopted National Anthem on January 24, 1950
Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 5

Consider the following provisions of the Constitution of India:
1. Citizenship
2. Electoral Process in India
3. Fundamental Duties
4. Fundamental Rights
5. Formation of States and Union Territories
Which of the above provisions came into existence on November 26, 1949?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 5

Provisions of the Constitution on citizenship, elections, provisional parliament, temporary and transitional provisions, and short title contained in Articles 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 60, 324, 366, 367, 379, 380, 388, 391, 392 and 393 came into force on November 26, 1949. The remaining provisions came into force on January 26, 1950.

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 6

Consider the following statements:
1. There were 13 major committees that were formed to draft the Constitution.
2. N. Madhav Rau was a member of the Drafting Committee.
3. Sarojini Naidu was the only woman to head a Committee.
Select the correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 6

The correct answer is D: 2 only.

Explanation:

  1. There were actually 8 major committees formed to draft the Constitution of India, not 13.

  2. N. Madhava Rau was a member of the Drafting Committee of the Constitution, along with 6 other members.

  3. Sarojini Naidu was not the only woman to head a Committee, as there were no women who headed any of the committees during the drafting of the Constitution. However, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur was a member of the Constituent Assembly and also served as the Health Minister of India after Independence.

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 7

Consider the following statements:
1. With the adoption of the Constitution in 26 November 1949, the Government of India Act, 1935 ceased to exist.
2. The Constitution as of 26 November 1949 contained only 8 Schedules.
Choose the incorrect statement(s):

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 7

The incorrect statement is 1.

Explanation:
1. The Government of India Act, 1935 did not cease to exist immediately after the adoption of the Constitution on 26th November 1949. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26th November 1949, but it came into effect on 26th January 1950, which is celebrated as Republic Day. The Government of India Act, 1935 was not fully repealed until the enforcement of the Constitution on 26th January 1950.

2. The statement is correct. The original Constitution of India, as adopted on 26th November 1949, contained only 8 Schedules. Later, through various amendments, the number of Schedules increased to the current 12 Schedules.

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 8

The provisions relating to emergency have been adopted from which of the following:
I. Government of India Act, 1935
II. Irish Constitution
III. Weimar Constitution
IV. South African Constitution.
Choose the correct statement(s):

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 8

The correct statement is B: I and III.

Explanation:

The provisions relating to emergency in the Constitution of India have been adopted from two sources:

I. Government of India Act, 1935: The emergency provisions in the Constitution of India were largely based on the emergency provisions in the Government of India Act, 1935.

III. Weimar Constitution: Some of the emergency provisions in the Constitution of India were also inspired by the emergency provisions in the Weimar Constitution of Germany.

There is no direct adoption of emergency provisions from the Irish Constitution or the South African Constitution in the Constitution of India.

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 9

Which one of the following is not a feature of the Government of India Act of 1935?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 9

Salient Features of the Government of India Act 1935 were as follows:

  • Abolition of provincial dyarchy and introduction of dyarchy at centre.
  • Abolition of Indian Council and introduction of an advisory body in its place.
  • Provision for an All India Federation with British India territories and princely states.
  • Elaborate safeguards and protective instruments for minorities.
  • Supremacy of British Parliament.
  • Increase in size of legislatures, extension of franchise, division of subjects into three lists and retention of communal electorate. Separation of Burma from India.
Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 10

Which of the following communities had special representation in Constituent Assembly?
1. Muslims
2. Christians
3. Parsis
4. Sikhs
Choose the right option:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 10

The correct answer is D: 1 and 4. Muslims and Sikhs had special representation in the Constituent Assembly of India, not Christians and Parsis.

The Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946 provided for special representation for Muslims, Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians, and Europeans in the Constituent Assembly. The Muslim community was given 30% of the seats in the Assembly, while the Sikh community was given 20%. However, the Parsi community did not have any special representation in the Constituent Assembly.

So, the correct answer to your question is option D: 1 and 4 (Muslims and Sikhs)

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 11

The Constituent Assembly was formed during the rule of:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 11

The correct answer is Lord Wavell.

Key Points

  • Wavell, Lord  Governor General of India from June 1943 to February 1947.
  • In 1941, Wavell was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the British Indian Army and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in BurmaMalaysia and the Dutch East Indies. He was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal in 1942. He became the Viceroy and Governor General of India in June 1943.
  • Lord Mountbatten had replaced Lord Wavell as the viceroy of India in 1947. He was the last Viceroy of India and the first Governor-General of independent India.
  • On the midnight of 14th and 15th August in the year 1947, the dominions of Pakistan and India respectively came into existence and started their journey of independent countries.
  • This plan was put into action by the Indian Independence Act 1947 which was passed in the British Parliament and received the royal assent on 18 July 1947.

 

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 12

Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R):
Assertion (A): Constituent Assembly was not a representative body as its members were not elected based on universal adult franchise.
Reason (R): Constituent Assembly was created against the proposal of the British government.
Select the correct answer using the code given below: 

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 12

Assertion (A) is correct because the members of the Constituent Assembly were not directly elected by the people of India based on universal adult franchise. Most of the members were indirectly elected by the provincial assemblies, which themselves were not elected on the basis of universal adult franchise.

However, Reason (R) is false because the Constituent Assembly was not created against the proposal of the British government. In fact, the idea of a Constituent Assembly was first proposed in the 1930s by the Congress leader, M. N. Roy. The British government later accepted the demand for a Constituent Assembly in the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946.

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 13

The constituent assembly was constituted under the scheme formulated by the Cabinet Mission Plan. Regarding the plan consider the following statements:
1. Allocation of seats for each province and princely state to be in proportion to their respective population
2. Representatives to be elected through proportional representation using a single transferable vote.
3. The representatives of the princely state were to be nominated by the heads of princely states.
4. Out of 296 seats allotted to British India, 291 members were to be drawn from the governor’s provinces and 5 from the chief commissioners’ provinces.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 13

The total strength of the Constituent Assembly was 389. Of these, 296 seats were allotted to British India and 93 seats to the Princely States. Out of 296 seats allotted to British India, 292 members were drawn from the eleven governors’ provinces and 4 from the four chief commissioners’ provinces and one from each.

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 14

Consider the following statements:
1. January 26 was specifically chosen as the ‘date of commencement’ of the Constitution because on this day in 1930 that Poorna Swaraj day was celebrated.
2. With the commencement of the Constitution, the Indian Independence Act of 1947 and the Abolition of Privy Council Jurisdiction Act (1949) was repealed.
Which of the following statements above is/are not correct?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 14

January 26 was specifically chosen as the ‘date of commencement’ of the Constitution because on this day in 1930 that Poorna Swaraj day was celebrated, following the resolution of the Lahore Session (December 1929) of the INC.
With the commencement of the Constitution, the Indian Independence Act of 1947 and the Government of India Act of 1935, with all enactments amending or supplementing the latter Act, were repealed. The Abolition of Privy Council Jurisdiction Act (1949) was however continued.

Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 15

Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the Indian Constitution?
1. The original constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada.
2. It was written in a flowing italic style.
3. The calligraphy of the Hindi version of the original constitution was done by Vasant Krishan Vaidya.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Making of the Constitution- 3 - Question 15

Prem Behari Narain Raizada was the calligrapher of the Indian Constitution. He had handwritten the original text of the constitution in a flowing italic style.
It was beautified and decorated by artists from Shanti Niketan including Nand Lal Bose and Beohar Rammanohar Sinha.
The calligraphy of the Hindi version of the original constitution was done by Vasant Krishan Vaidya and decorated and illuminated by Nand Lal Bose.

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