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Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Class 10 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test - Important Questions (2 Marks): Development

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development for Class 10 2024 is part of Class 10 preparation. The Important Questions (2 Marks): Development questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Important Questions (2 Marks): Development MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development below.
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Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 1

What is the Gini coefficient, and how is it related to income inequality?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 1

The Gini coefficient is a measure of income inequality within a country. A higher Gini coefficient indicates greater income inequality. It is calculated based on the distribution of income among the population, with 0 representing perfect equality and 1 indicating perfect inequality. The coefficient is an essential tool for understanding the economic disparities within a nation. The World Bank uses it to assess and compare the economic conditions of different countries.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 2

How is the Human Development Index (HDI) calculated, and what are its three main indicators?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 2

The Human Development Index (HDI) is calculated by adding three main indicators: literacy rate, life expectancy at birth, and per capita income. These indicators provide a comprehensive measure of a country's overall development. The HDI is a useful tool for comparing the quality of life and development across different nations.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 3

What is the primary criterion used by the World Bank for classifying different countries?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 3

The World Bank primarily uses per capita income as a criterion for classifying different countries. Per capita income is calculated by dividing the total national income by the population. It provides an indication of the average income per person in a country and is widely used for international comparisons of economic development.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 4

What does sustainable development aim to achieve, and why is it important?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 4

Sustainable development aims to meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It emphasizes responsible resource use, environmental conservation, and long-term planning to ensure a balanced and equitable development path.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 5

What are public facilities, and why are they considered essential for a nation?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 5

Public facilities are services provided by the government to satisfy the collective needs of the people. These include infrastructure, sanitation, public transport, healthcare, and more. They are considered essential for a nation as they ensure the well-being and development of the entire population, fostering social equity and inclusivity.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 6

What is the main attribute of sustainable development related to natural resources?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 6

The main attribute of sustainable development related to natural resources is preservation and responsible use. Sustainable development aims to ensure the long-term availability of resources, including exhaustible natural resources and environmental resources, by promoting responsible and balanced utilization.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 7

What does the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) measure, and how is it expressed?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 7

The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) measures the number of children who die before the age of one year, expressed as a proportion of 1000 live children born in a particular year. It is a critical indicator of the health conditions and healthcare accessibility in a region.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 8

How is the average income of a country calculated, and what does it represent?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 8

The average income of a country is calculated by dividing the national income by the population. This value, also known as per capita income, represents the average income per person in the country. It serves as a crucial indicator for comparing the economic well-being of different nations.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 9

What are the three main indicators of the Human Development Index (HDI)?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 9

The three main indicators of the Human Development Index (HDI) are life expectancy at birth, gross enrollment ratio, and per capita income. These indicators provide a comprehensive measure of a country's development, encompassing health, education, and economic well-being.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 10

How does the desire for more income relate to the quality of life, and provide an example.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 10

The desire for more income is not the sole determinant of the quality of life. While income is important, other non-material factors also play a crucial role. For example, a job may offer less pay but provide regular employment, enhancing a person's sense of security. This illustrates that the quality of life depends on a combination of material and non-material considerations.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 11

What is the significance of the Gini coefficient in assessing a country's economic landscape?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 11

The Gini coefficient is significant in assessing a country's economic landscape as it provides a measure of income inequality. A higher Gini coefficient indicates a more unequal distribution of income among the population. Policymakers use this indicator to understand and address economic disparities within a nation.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 12

Why is per capita income considered an important indicator for comparing the economic well-being of different countries?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 12

Per capita income is considered an important indicator for comparing the economic well-being of different countries because it indicates the average income per person in a nation. This allows for a more accurate assessment of the standard of living and economic conditions, facilitating international comparisons.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 13

How does sustainable development differ from traditional development approaches?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 13

Sustainable development differs from traditional development approaches by emphasizing a balance between present needs and the well-being of future generations. It involves responsible resource use, environmental conservation, and long-term planning to ensure that development is not at the expense of the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 14

What role do public facilities play in promoting national development?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 14

Public facilities play a crucial role in promoting national development by providing essential services for collective needs. These services, such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure, contribute to the overall well-being and progress of the entire population, fostering social inclusivity and equity.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 15

Explain the concept of Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and its significance in assessing healthcare conditions.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Development - Question 15

The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) measures the number of infant deaths before the age of one year per 1000 live births in a specific year. It is a critical indicator of healthcare conditions and the effectiveness of healthcare systems in addressing infant mortality.

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