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Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Class 8 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test - Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age

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Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 1

A few statement related to the Adivasis are given below. Choose the one that is not applicable to the tribals of India.

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 1
Adivasis have a deep relation with the forests. Even now they mostly live away from the towns and near the forests. Their local economy also depends on the items collected from the forest and that is why industrialization and deforestation deeply affects their livelihood. Practicing sustainable forest management, they are seen as the protectors of the forests and the biodiversity of our planet.
Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 2

The Baigas saw themselves as people of the forest, who could only live on the produce of the _______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 2

The Baigas believed that they could only survive by using the resources from the forest. They thought the forest was where they belonged, and it provided everything they needed to live.

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 3

From the following list of choices, which one would be most appropriate meaning of the term Adivasis ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 3

Adivasi is the collective term for tribes of the Indian Subcontinent, who are considered indigenous to places within India wherein they live, either as foragers or as tribalistic sedentary communities. However, India does not recognise Tribe as Indigenous people.

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 4

State whether the following statement is True or False

Some tribal people bought goods using the money they earned from odd jobs.

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 4
  • True - Some tribal people did odd jobs in villages to earn money. They used this money to buy goods they needed.
  • For example, they might have bought rice or other things they couldn’t get from the forest. So, it's like doing some work for others and then using the money to buy things you want.
Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 5

What was the main aim of Birsa's movement?

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 5

Birsa's movement aimed to establish a Munda Raj under his leadership and remove missionaries, moneylenders, landlords, and the government. He wanted to drive out these groups and set up a kingdom where his followers could regain their lost rights and live freely.

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 6

To which tribe did Birsa belong to?

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 6
Birsa belonged to Munda tribe in Jharkhand and he was therefore called Birsa Munda
Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 7

What happened when traders and moneylenders came into the forests more often during the nineteenth century?

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 7
  • When traders and moneylenders visited the forests more often during the nineteenth century, tribal groups began selling forest produce for cash.
  • This means they exchanged things they found in the forest for money.
  • It was like swapping things they had for money they could use to buy other things they needed.
Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 8

Why did the British consider the Chhota Nagpur belt vital?

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 8

This region has vast reserves of coal and iron ore. Also, iron ore is cheaply available in the region, thus providing the raw material for iron and steel industries.

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 9

What did the British want the shifting cultivators to become?

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 9

The British wanted the shifting cultivators to become peasant cultivators, which means settling down and working on the land regularly to produce crops.

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 10

Name the Act passed by the British In 1865 that gave British the power to declare any forest land as Government land.

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 10

Indian Forest Act was passed by British. It was passed in the year 1865. According to this act the right of Indian communities on forests were limited and authority was transferred to British government.

The act of 1865 empowered the British government to declare any land covered with trees as a government forest and make rules to manage it.

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 11

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The silk growers in Hazaribagh were paid fairly for their cocoons.

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 11
  • Explanation: The statement is False. The silk growers in Hazaribagh were not paid fairly for their cocoons. The traders gave loans to the tribal people and collected the cocoons at very low prices, making huge profits by selling them at a much higher rate in other places. This meant that the growers earned very little money for their hard work.

  • Additional Fact: The middlemen who facilitated these deals between the exporters and silk growers made significant profits, while the tribal silk growers received very little compensation for their efforts.

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 12

How did the lives of tribal chiefs change under British rule?

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 12
  • Tribal chiefs' lives changed under British rule as they had to follow laws made by British officials in India, lost some of their administrative power, and had to pay tribute to the British.
  • They were no longer able to fully carry out their traditional roles and lost some authority they previously held.
Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 13

Apart from the Forest Regulation Act, which was the other Act passed by the British in 1871 which labeled all the adivasi groups that rebelled against the British as criminals.

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 13

The British colonisers passed the Criminal Tribes Act, labelling them, along with 198 other nomadic and forest groups, “criminal”. A stroke of the pen turned 14 million people into criminals in their own land. The Criminal Tribes Act 1871  was one of the many laws passed by the British colonial government that applied to Indians based on their religion and caste identification.

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 14

Given below are a few reasons as to why the tribals felt uncomfortable under the British. One statement is not True, pick out the one

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 14

Tribals who had depended on the forest for food  and fodder were forced to stay in the forest and hills by the British.

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 15

How did tribal people in the past prepare their fields for cultivation?

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 15
  • Tribal people in the past prepared their fields for cultivation by cutting the treetops and burning the vegetation on the land. This helped them clear the land for cultivation and also fertilized the soil with the ash from the firing. It was an important traditional method they used to grow their crops.
Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 16

From this photograph, identify this tribal hero from Chottanagpur in Bihar, who had miraculous powers to cure all diseases.

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 16

In 1895, a man named Birsa was seen roaming the forests and villages of Chottanagpur in Bihar. People said he had miraculous powers – he could cure all diseases and multiply grain. Birsa himself declared that God had appointed him to save his people from trouble, free them from the slavery of dikus (outsiders).

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 17

What did the Khonds use to cook food with?

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 17

The Khonds used oil extracted from the seeds of sal and mahua to cook their food. Oil helps to make the food tasty and helps it cook well. It's important to use the right ingredients when cooking to make delicious meals!

Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 18

How did Birsa Munda die?

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 18
Birsa Munda was a young freedom fighter and a tribal leader, whose spirit of activism in the late nineteenth century, is remembered to be a strong mark of protest against British rule in India. He died in Ranchi Jail on 9 June 1900. Although the British claimed he died of cholera, he never showed symptoms of the disease. ... After his death the movement faded out. However, the movement was significant in at least two ways.
Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 19

State whether the following statement is True or False:
The tribal chiefs under British rule lost much of their administrative power and had to follow laws made by British officials.

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 19
  • True! Under British rule, the tribal chiefs lost a lot of their power. They had to listen to the laws made by British officers instead of making their own rules. This made it hard for them to do what they used to do before.
  • True. The chiefs had to pay respect to the British and control their people according to British laws.
Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 20

State whether the following statement is True or False

Tribal people in India never practiced shifting cultivation.

Detailed Solution for Test: Tribals Dikus & the Vision of a Golden Age - Question 20
  • False means the statement is not correct.
  • Here's what really happened:
    • Some tribal people in India did practice shifting cultivation.
    • Shifting cultivation is when farmers move from one place to another, letting the land they left behind take a break and regain its strength.
    • This was common among tribal groups in hilly and forested areas in the north-east and central India.
    • They would clear a small patch of forest, grow crops there until the soil became less fertile, then move to a new patch of land.
    • This way, they could continue farming without ruining the land.
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