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Enantiomers - Stereochemistry Video Lecture | Organic Chemistry

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FAQs on Enantiomers - Stereochemistry Video Lecture - Organic Chemistry

1. What are enantiomers?
Ans. Enantiomers are a type of stereoisomers that are mirror images of each other. They have the same molecular formula and connectivity but differ in their spatial arrangement. Enantiomers cannot be superimposed on each other, just like our left and right hands.
2. How do enantiomers differ from other stereoisomers?
Ans. Enantiomers differ from other stereoisomers, such as diastereomers and cis-trans isomers, in their symmetry and optical activity. Enantiomers are non-superimposable mirror images, while diastereomers have different connectivity and cis-trans isomers have different spatial arrangements but lack mirror symmetry.
3. What is meant by chirality?
Ans. Chirality refers to the property of a molecule to exist in two non-superimposable mirror image forms, known as enantiomers. Chiral molecules possess an asymmetric carbon atom, also known as a chiral center, which is bonded to four different groups.
4. How can enantiomers be distinguished?
Ans. Enantiomers can be distinguished using various methods, including polarimetry, which measures their ability to rotate plane-polarized light. Enantiomers rotate the plane of polarized light in equal but opposite directions. Another method is through their interaction with chiral reagents or by using techniques like X-ray crystallography or NMR spectroscopy.
5. What is the significance of enantiomers in pharmaceuticals?
Ans. Enantiomers have significant implications in pharmaceuticals as they can exhibit different biological activities. One enantiomer may be therapeutically effective while the other may have adverse effects or no activity at all. Therefore, it is crucial to separate and identify enantiomers in drug development to ensure the safety and efficacy of pharmaceutical products.
33 videos|92 docs|46 tests

Timeline

00:00 Introduction
00:15 Structural Isomers
00:54 Stereo Isomers
01:22 Question 1
01:25 Enantiomers
03:42 Chirality
06:35 Question 2
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