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Monosubstituted Cyclohexane Video Lecture | Organic Chemistry

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FAQs on Monosubstituted Cyclohexane Video Lecture - Organic Chemistry

1. What is monosubstituted cyclohexane?
Ans. Monosubstituted cyclohexane refers to a cyclohexane molecule in which only one of the hydrogen atoms is replaced by a substituent. This substituent can be any functional group or atom, such as a methyl group (CH3) or a halogen atom (e.g., chlorine or bromine).
2. How is monosubstituted cyclohexane different from other cyclohexanes?
Ans. Monosubstituted cyclohexane differs from other cyclohexanes in that only one hydrogen atom is replaced by a substituent. In other cyclohexanes, such as disubstituted or polysubstituted cyclohexanes, multiple hydrogen atoms are replaced by substituents, resulting in a more complex molecular structure.
3. What are the properties of monosubstituted cyclohexane?
Ans. The properties of monosubstituted cyclohexane largely depend on the nature of the substituent. However, in general, monosubstituted cyclohexanes exhibit characteristics similar to cyclohexane, such as being a colorless liquid with a faint odor. They have a boiling point of around 80-83 degrees Celsius and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.
4. How is monosubstituted cyclohexane synthesized?
Ans. Monosubstituted cyclohexane can be synthesized through various methods, depending on the specific substituent desired. One common method is the catalytic hydrogenation of a suitable alkene in the presence of a metal catalyst, such as platinum or palladium. This reaction results in the addition of hydrogen to the alkene, leading to the formation of a monosubstituted cyclohexane.
5. What are the applications of monosubstituted cyclohexane?
Ans. Monosubstituted cyclohexanes find applications in various fields, including pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and fragrance industries. They serve as building blocks for the synthesis of more complex organic compounds and can be modified further to produce drugs, pesticides, or fragrance ingredients. Additionally, monosubstituted cyclohexanes are used as solvents in chemical reactions and as intermediates in organic synthesis.
33 videos|92 docs|46 tests
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