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Industrialisation in Independent India Video Lecture | Sociology Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

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FAQs on Industrialisation in Independent India Video Lecture - Sociology Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

1. What is industrialisation in the context of independent India?
Ans. Industrialisation in independent India refers to the process of developing and promoting industries in the country after gaining independence from British colonial rule. It involved setting up manufacturing units, modernizing agricultural practices, and transforming the economy from primarily agrarian to industrial.
2. What were the goals of industrialisation in independent India?
Ans. The goals of industrialisation in independent India were to achieve economic self-sufficiency, reduce dependence on imports, create employment opportunities, promote technological advancements, and improve the living standards of the population. It aimed to accelerate economic growth and development in the country.
3. How did industrialisation impact the Indian economy after independence?
Ans. Industrialisation had a significant impact on the Indian economy after independence. It led to the growth of various sectors such as manufacturing, mining, infrastructure, and services. It stimulated economic development, increased production and productivity, generated employment, and contributed to the overall GDP growth of the country.
4. What were the challenges faced during the process of industrialisation in independent India?
Ans. The process of industrialisation in independent India faced several challenges. Some of the key challenges included inadequate infrastructure, shortage of capital and resources, low technological capabilities, lack of skilled labor, bureaucratic hurdles, and competition from imported goods. These challenges had to be addressed to ensure the successful implementation of industrialisation policies.
5. Did industrialisation in independent India benefit all sections of society equally?
Ans. No, industrialisation in independent India did not benefit all sections of society equally. While it brought significant economic growth and development, the benefits were not evenly distributed. The industrialisation process led to the rise of a new middle class and created employment opportunities, but it also resulted in income inequalities, displacement of rural populations, and environmental challenges. The impact of industrialisation varied across different social groups and regions.
62 videos|137 docs|25 tests

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