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Population Structure in India Video Lecture | Geography Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

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FAQs on Population Structure in India Video Lecture - Geography Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

1. What is the population structure of India?
Ans. The population structure of India refers to the composition of different age groups and genders within the population of the country. It shows the distribution of people across various age groups, such as children, working-age adults, and the elderly. This structure is essential in understanding the demographic trends, social development, and planning for the future.
2. How does the population structure in India impact its economy?
Ans. The population structure in India has a significant impact on its economy. With a large working-age population, India has a potential labor force that can contribute to economic growth. However, if there is an imbalance in the population structure, such as a high dependency ratio with a larger elderly population, it can strain the economy due to increased healthcare and pension requirements.
3. What are the factors influencing the population structure in India?
Ans. Several factors influence the population structure in India. These include birth and death rates, migration patterns, and government policies. Birth rates and death rates directly impact the composition of different age groups, while migration can alter the population structure by adding or subtracting from specific age groups. Government policies, such as family planning initiatives, can also influence population distribution.
4. How does the population structure in India impact social development?
Ans. The population structure in India plays a crucial role in social development. A balanced population structure with a proper distribution of various age groups fosters social cohesion and stability. It allows for the provision of appropriate healthcare, education, and employment opportunities tailored to the needs of different age groups. On the other hand, an imbalanced or skewed population structure can pose challenges to social development efforts.
5. What are the challenges posed by an aging population structure in India?
Ans. An aging population structure in India presents various challenges. It puts pressure on the healthcare system as the elderly population requires more medical attention. Additionally, an aging population can strain the pension and social security systems. It can also lead to a shortage of working-age individuals, impacting economic productivity and sustainability. Governments need to address these challenges through policies focused on elder care, healthcare, and social welfare.
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