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External Sector- 1 Video Lecture | Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

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FAQs on External Sector- 1 Video Lecture - Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

1. What is the external sector and why is it important for an economy?
Ans. The external sector refers to the part of an economy that deals with international trade and financial transactions. It includes exports, imports, foreign direct investment, and international financial flows. The external sector is important for an economy as it contributes to economic growth, job creation, and increased competitiveness. It also allows countries to access goods and services that are not available domestically and promotes global economic integration.
2. How does the external sector affect a country's balance of payments?
Ans. The external sector affects a country's balance of payments, which is a record of all economic transactions between residents of a country and the rest of the world over a specific period. The balance of payments is divided into the current account and the capital and financial account. The current account reflects trade in goods and services, while the capital and financial account reflects capital flows and financial transactions. A surplus in the current account, resulting from higher exports than imports, leads to a surplus in the overall balance of payments, while a deficit indicates the opposite.
3. What are the factors that influence a country's external sector performance?
Ans. Several factors influence a country's external sector performance. These include exchange rates, trade policies, global economic conditions, domestic economic policies, and technological advancements. Exchange rates affect the competitiveness of a country's exports and imports. Trade policies, such as tariffs and quotas, can either promote or hinder trade. Global economic conditions, such as economic growth and recessions in trading partners, impact demand for exports. Domestic economic policies, such as investment in infrastructure and education, can enhance competitiveness. Technological advancements can also influence a country's ability to participate in global trade.
4. How does the external sector contribute to economic growth?
Ans. The external sector contributes to economic growth in several ways. Firstly, exports of goods and services generate revenue and create jobs, leading to increased income and consumption. Secondly, imports provide access to a wider range of goods and services, fostering domestic productivity and competitiveness. Thirdly, foreign direct investment (FDI) can bring in capital, technology, and expertise, stimulating economic development. Lastly, the external sector promotes specialization, allowing countries to focus on producing goods and services in which they have a comparative advantage, leading to efficient resource allocation and higher productivity.
5. What are the potential risks and challenges associated with the external sector?
Ans. The external sector poses certain risks and challenges for economies. These include exchange rate volatility, trade imbalances, protectionism, and external shocks. Exchange rate volatility can affect the competitiveness of exports and imports, making planning and pricing difficult for businesses. Trade imbalances, such as persistent current account deficits or surpluses, can lead to unsustainable debt levels or loss of competitiveness. Protectionism, in the form of trade barriers and tariffs, can hinder free trade and limit market access for exporters. External shocks, such as global economic downturns or natural disasters, can disrupt international trade and financial flows, causing economic instability.
165 videos|297 docs|142 tests

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