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English Grammar: What is a Subject? Video Lecture | English Grammar Advanced - Class 10

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FAQs on English Grammar: What is a Subject? Video Lecture - English Grammar Advanced - Class 10

1. What is the definition of a subject in English grammar?
Ans. In English grammar, a subject is the part of a sentence that typically indicates who or what performs the action or is being described. It is usually a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that governs the verb in the sentence. For example, in the sentence "The cat is sleeping," the subject is "the cat."
2. How can I identify the subject in a sentence?
Ans. To identify the subject in a sentence, you can ask yourself "Who or what is performing the action or being described?" The answer to this question will give you the subject. Additionally, the subject usually agrees with the verb in terms of number and person. For instance, in the sentence "She eats apples," the subject is "she" because it is the one performing the action of eating.
3. Can a subject be more than one word?
Ans. Yes, a subject can be more than one word. It can be a noun phrase consisting of multiple words that work together as a unit to function as the subject of a sentence. For example, in the sentence "The big, black dog is barking," the subject is "The big, black dog."
4. What is the difference between a subject and an object in a sentence?
Ans. The subject of a sentence is the noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that performs the action or is being described, while the object is the noun, pronoun, or noun phrase that receives the action of the verb. In simpler terms, the subject typically initiates the action, whereas the object is affected by the action. For example, in the sentence "She gave him a book," "she" is the subject and "him" is the object.
5. Are there any exceptions or special cases when identifying the subject in a sentence?
Ans. Yes, there are a few exceptions or special cases when identifying the subject in a sentence. For example, in imperative sentences (commands), the subject is often implied and not explicitly stated. It is usually the word "you" understood as the subject. For instance, in the sentence "Sit down," the subject is implied as "you." Additionally, in questions, the subject and verb may sometimes be inverted, meaning the subject comes after the verb. For example, in the question "Is she coming?", the subject "she" comes after the verb "is."
53 videos|126 docs|39 tests
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