Geography - Water Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Geography - Water Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What are the major factors contributing to water scarcity in India?
Ans. India faces water scarcity due to various factors such as population growth, rapid urbanization, inefficient agricultural practices, overexploitation of groundwater, inadequate water management, and climate change. These factors lead to a high demand for water, which often exceeds the available supply.
2. How does water scarcity impact agriculture in India?
Ans. Water scarcity severely impacts agriculture in India as the majority of farmers rely on rainfall or irrigation for crop cultivation. Insufficient water availability leads to decreased crop productivity, crop failure, and increased vulnerability to droughts. This, in turn, affects food security, livelihoods, and the overall economy of the country.
3. What measures can be taken to address water scarcity in India?
Ans. To address water scarcity in India, various measures can be implemented. These include promoting water conservation and efficient water management practices, implementing rainwater harvesting techniques, developing sustainable irrigation systems, rejuvenating water bodies, implementing water pricing mechanisms, and raising awareness about the importance of water conservation among the general public.
4. How does climate change exacerbate water scarcity in India?
Ans. Climate change leads to alterations in precipitation patterns, increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events like droughts and floods, and rising temperatures. These changes further worsen water scarcity in India as they disrupt the availability and distribution of water resources, affecting both surface water and groundwater availability.
5. What are the potential consequences of prolonged water scarcity in India?
Ans. Prolonged water scarcity in India can have severe consequences. It can lead to a decline in agricultural productivity, food insecurity, increased conflicts over water resources, forced migration from rural areas, economic losses, and adverse impacts on human health and sanitation. Additionally, it can also exacerbate social inequalities and hinder overall development efforts in the country.
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