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Geography - Agriculture Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Geography - Agriculture Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is the significance of agriculture in the UPSC geography exam?
Ans. Agriculture is an important topic in the UPSC geography exam as it covers various aspects such as types of farming, agricultural practices, cropping patterns, and the impact of agriculture on the economy and environment. Understanding agriculture is crucial for candidates to analyze and answer questions related to land-use patterns, rural development, and sustainable farming practices.
2. What are the different types of farming discussed in the UPSC geography syllabus?
Ans. The UPSC geography syllabus covers different types of farming, including subsistence farming, commercial farming, mixed farming, plantation agriculture, and intensive farming. These types of farming are studied in terms of their characteristics, geographical distribution, and impact on the environment and society.
3. How does agriculture contribute to the Indian economy?
Ans. Agriculture plays a significant role in the Indian economy as it contributes to the country's GDP, provides employment to a large section of the population, and acts as a source of livelihood for many rural communities. It also contributes to the export industry, with India being one of the largest exporters of agricultural products such as rice, wheat, spices, and fruits.
4. What are the major challenges faced by the agricultural sector in India?
Ans. The agricultural sector in India faces several challenges, including inadequate irrigation facilities, dependence on monsoon rains, lack of modern farming techniques, fragmented landholdings, and poor access to credit and insurance. Other challenges include the depletion of soil fertility, overuse of chemical fertilizers, and climate change, which affects crop yields and patterns.
5. How does the geography of a region influence its agricultural practices?
Ans. The geography of a region has a significant influence on its agricultural practices. Factors such as climate, topography, soil fertility, and availability of water resources determine the types of crops that can be grown, the farming methods employed, and the overall productivity of the agricultural sector. For example, regions with fertile alluvial soil and abundant rainfall are favorable for the cultivation of rice, while arid regions may focus on drought-resistant crops and irrigation techniques.
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