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Geography - Agriculture Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Geography - Agriculture Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is the significance of agriculture in the UPSC exam?
Ans. Agriculture is an important topic in the UPSC exam as it covers various aspects of the Indian economy, rural development, and food security. Understanding agriculture helps in comprehending the challenges and opportunities associated with India's agricultural sector, which is crucial for formulating policies and strategies for sustainable development.
2. How does agriculture impact the geography of a region?
Ans. Agriculture has a significant impact on the geography of a region. It influences land use patterns, water availability, soil quality, and vegetation cover. Different types of agricultural practices, such as intensive agriculture or shifting cultivation, can lead to deforestation, soil erosion, or changes in the hydrological cycle, thereby shaping the physical landscape and ecological balance of an area.
3. What are the major challenges faced by Indian agriculture?
Ans. Indian agriculture faces several challenges, including small landholdings, outdated farming techniques, inadequate irrigation facilities, climate change, pest infestation, and market-related issues. These challenges affect productivity, income levels, and food security. To address these challenges, the government and other stakeholders need to focus on improving agricultural practices, infrastructure, and support systems.
4. How does agriculture contribute to the Indian economy?
Ans. Agriculture is a significant contributor to the Indian economy. It employs a large portion of the population, especially in rural areas. The sector provides food security, raw materials for industries, and export opportunities. Additionally, agriculture supports related industries like agro-processing, agri-inputs, and agricultural research. The growth and development of the agricultural sector have a direct impact on the overall economic well-being of the country.
5. What are the government initiatives to promote sustainable agriculture in India?
Ans. The government of India has implemented various initiatives to promote sustainable agriculture. Some of these include the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana, Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, and Soil Health Card Scheme. These programs focus on enhancing productivity, conserving natural resources, promoting organic farming, and improving irrigation facilities. The aim is to ensure long-term agricultural growth while minimizing the negative environmental impacts.
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