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Indian Physical Environment: Soils Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Indian Physical Environment: Soils Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What are the different types of soils found in India?
Ans. India has a diverse range of soils due to its varied geographical and climatic conditions. The major types of soils found in India are Alluvial soil, Black soil, Red soil, Laterite soil, and Desert soil.
2. What is Alluvial soil and where is it predominantly found in India?
Ans. Alluvial soil is formed by the deposition of sediments brought by rivers and streams. It is rich in fertility and is found in the northern plains of India, particularly in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal.
3. What are the characteristics of Black soil and where is it mainly found in India?
Ans. Black soil, also known as regur or black cotton soil, is clayey in nature and holds moisture well. It is rich in minerals like calcium, potassium, and magnesium. Black soil is predominantly found in the Deccan Plateau, covering parts of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka.
4. What are the features of Red soil and where is it primarily found in India?
Ans. Red soil is characterized by its reddish color due to the presence of iron oxide. It is well-drained but lacks fertility. Red soil is mainly found in the eastern and southern parts of India, particularly in Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and parts of Karnataka.
5. What is Laterite soil and where is it commonly found in India?
Ans. Laterite soil is a type of soil that forms in hot and wet tropical areas with high rainfall. It is rich in iron and aluminum oxides but lacks fertility. Laterite soil is commonly found in the coastal regions of Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, and West Bengal.
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