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Indian Physical Environment: Natural Hazards & Disasters Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Indian Physical Environment: Natural Hazards & Disasters Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What are the natural hazards and disasters in the Indian physical environment?
Ans. The Indian physical environment is prone to various natural hazards and disasters, including earthquakes, floods, cyclones, landslides, and droughts. These events can cause significant damage to infrastructure, loss of life, and disruption to livelihoods.
2. How does India prepare for natural hazards and disasters?
Ans. India has established several measures to prepare for natural hazards and disasters. These include early warning systems, disaster management plans, evacuation procedures, and building codes that consider the risk of earthquakes and cyclones. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) plays a crucial role in coordinating these efforts.
3. Which regions in India are most vulnerable to natural hazards and disasters?
Ans. Different regions in India are vulnerable to different types of natural hazards and disasters. For example, coastal regions are more prone to cyclones and floods, while hilly areas are susceptible to landslides. The states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Assam are particularly vulnerable to floods, while the Himalayan region is prone to earthquakes.
4. How do natural hazards and disasters impact the Indian economy?
Ans. Natural hazards and disasters can have a significant impact on the Indian economy. They can cause damage to infrastructure, disrupt agricultural activities, lead to the displacement of people, and result in the loss of lives and livelihoods. The economic losses incurred due to these events can set back development efforts and require significant resources for recovery and reconstruction.
5. What measures can individuals take to mitigate the impact of natural hazards and disasters in India?
Ans. Individuals can take several measures to mitigate the impact of natural hazards and disasters in India. These include staying informed about weather alerts and following evacuation orders, constructing buildings that adhere to safety standards, practicing sustainable land use and farming techniques, and having emergency plans in place. Additionally, community preparedness and awareness programs can also contribute to minimizing the impact of these events.
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