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Fundamentals of Human Geography: Primary Activities Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Fundamentals of Human Geography: Primary Activities Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What are primary activities in human geography?
Ans. Primary activities in human geography refer to economic activities that involve direct extraction or production of natural resources from the earth. These activities are essential for the sustenance and development of human societies and include sectors such as agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, and quarrying.
2. How are primary activities significant for human societies?
Ans. Primary activities play a crucial role in human societies. Agriculture provides food for the growing population and raw materials for industries. Forestry ensures the availability of timber, fuelwood, and other forest products. Fishing supports livelihoods and provides a source of protein. Mining and quarrying contribute to the extraction of minerals and construction materials necessary for industrial production and infrastructure development.
3. What challenges do primary activities face in contemporary times?
Ans. Primary activities face several challenges in contemporary times. Agricultural practices may be affected by climate change, land degradation, and water scarcity. Deforestation poses a threat to the sustainability of forests and biodiversity. Overfishing and illegal fishing practices deplete fish stocks. Mining activities can result in environmental degradation and displacement of local communities. Additionally, primary activities may face challenges due to economic factors, such as fluctuating market prices and competition.
4. How do primary activities impact the environment?
Ans. Primary activities can have significant environmental impacts. Agriculture may lead to deforestation, soil erosion, and water pollution through the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Deforestation for agricultural expansion also contributes to climate change. Fishing practices, if not regulated sustainably, can lead to overfishing and depletion of fish stocks. Mining activities can result in habitat destruction, soil erosion, water pollution, and the release of greenhouse gases. These environmental impacts call for sustainable practices and environmental regulations.
5. How do primary activities contribute to regional development?
Ans. Primary activities contribute to regional development in several ways. They provide employment opportunities for local communities, reducing rural-urban migration. Agriculture and forestry sectors contribute to the growth of the rural economy. The development of mining and quarrying industries can stimulate economic growth and infrastructure development in resource-rich regions. Primary activities also support downstream industries, such as food processing and manufacturing, creating additional job opportunities and promoting overall regional development.
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