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India People & Economy: Migration- Types, Causes & Consequences Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on India People & Economy: Migration- Types, Causes & Consequences Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What are the different types of migration in India?
Ans. There are several types of migration in India, including rural to urban migration, urban to rural migration, inter-state migration, and international migration. Rural to urban migration refers to the movement of people from rural areas to cities in search of better job opportunities and living conditions. Urban to rural migration is the opposite, with people moving from cities to rural areas. Inter-state migration involves people moving from one state to another within India, often in search of better employment prospects. International migration refers to the movement of people from India to other countries or vice versa.
2. What are the causes of migration in India?
Ans. The causes of migration in India are diverse and can vary from economic to social factors. Some of the common causes include the search for better employment opportunities, higher wages, improved standard of living, access to education and healthcare facilities, political instability, natural disasters, and conflicts. Additionally, factors such as urbanization, industrialization, and demographic changes also contribute to migration patterns in India.
3. What are the consequences of migration in India?
Ans. Migration in India has both positive and negative consequences. On the positive side, migration contributes to urbanization, economic growth, and development of cities and industries. It helps in reducing unemployment and poverty by providing employment opportunities to migrant workers. Migration also leads to cultural exchange and diversity. However, there are also negative consequences such as overcrowding, strain on urban infrastructure, social tensions, exploitation of migrant workers, and brain drain from rural areas.
4. How does migration impact the Indian economy?
Ans. Migration plays a significant role in shaping the Indian economy. It contributes to economic growth by providing a large and flexible labor force that meets the demands of various sectors such as construction, manufacturing, services, and agriculture. Migrant workers often take up low-skilled jobs and contribute to the informal sector. Remittances sent by international migrants also play a crucial role in boosting the Indian economy. However, migration also poses challenges such as wage disparities, labor market competition, and strain on social welfare systems.
5. How does migration affect the social fabric of India?
Ans. Migration has a profound impact on the social fabric of India. It leads to cultural diversity and the exchange of ideas, customs, and traditions. However, it can also create social tensions and conflicts, especially in urban areas with diverse populations. Migrant workers often face social exclusion, discrimination, and limited access to basic amenities. The integration of migrants into local communities can also be a challenge. Efforts in promoting social harmony, inclusivity, and equitable access to resources are essential to address the social implications of migration in India.
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