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In the Earliest Cities Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on In the Earliest Cities Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What are the earliest cities mentioned in the UPSC article?
Ans. The earliest cities mentioned in the UPSC article are Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, which were part of the Indus Valley Civilization.
2. What were the main features of the earliest cities?
Ans. The main features of the earliest cities were well-planned layouts with grid-like streets, advanced drainage systems, brick houses, public baths, and granaries. They also had organized urban centers and specialized craft production.
3. How did agriculture contribute to the growth of early cities?
Ans. Agriculture played a crucial role in the growth of early cities. The surplus food produced by farmers allowed for the development of a non-agricultural workforce, which led to the establishment of specialized occupations and urban centers.
4. What led to the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization?
Ans. The decline of the Indus Valley Civilization is still debated among historians. However, possible factors include environmental changes, such as a shift in the course of rivers, leading to a decline in agricultural productivity. Additionally, invasions and the breakdown of trade networks might have contributed to its decline.
5. How did the cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa demonstrate advancements in urban planning?
Ans. The cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa demonstrated advancements in urban planning through their well-organized layouts. They had streets laid out in a grid pattern, with houses connected to a sophisticated drainage system. The presence of public buildings, like the Great Bath, and specialized areas for craft production also indicate a high level of urban planning.
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